Hamilton Publishes Industrial Poisons in the United States (Great Events from History II: Ecology and the Environment Series)
Article abstract: Industrial Poisons in the United States summarized decades of research and opened the way to later legislation to control health hazards in the workplace.
Summary of Event
Alice Hamilton’s Industrial Poisons in the United States (1925) was the summation of research that she began in the 1890’s at Hull House, a Chicago settlement house opened in 1889 by Jane Addams. At its peak, this complex of houses hosted activities for nine thousand nearby residents each week. Rooms were available for professional men and women who, while earning their living at other occupations, were committed to life and volunteer work among the immigrants who made up approximately three-quarters of Chicago’s population. The lives of many of these immigrants were marked by unsanitary and unsafe housing and working conditions, a high child mortality rate, and a death rate from contagious diseases disproportionate to the rate among the general population.
Hamilton earned her medical degree from the University of Michigan in 1893. After postgraduate years at The Johns Hopkins University and elsewhere (she studied bacteriology and pathology at the Universities of Leipzig and Munich), in 1897 she was appointed professor of pathology at the Women’s Medical School of Northwestern University in Chicago. When the school closed in 1902, she became a bacteriologist at the New Memorial Institute for Infectious...
(The entire section is 2173 words.)
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