Haiti’s President Préval Dissolves Parliament (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: After two years of stalemate between himself and parliament, René Préval, the president of Haiti, dissolved parliament and appointed a prime minister by decree.
Election of Préval
In 1986, a popular uprising ended the twenty-eight-year dictatorship of the Duvalier family. In the ten years that followed, the military staged four coups, making the attempt to develop a democracy difficult. In December of 1990, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, an activist Roman Catholic priest who accepted liberation theology, was elected president of Haiti, winning 67 percent of the vote. The election of Aristide represented a powerful popular uprising that united grassroots workers, peasants, and student organizations. Aristide’s program of social and economic reforms threatened the position of the elite. He was removed from office by the military in September, 1991.
The United States opposed the military dictatorship but did not approve of the anti-imperialism policies of Aristide. No effective sanctions were imposed on the military junta by U.S. president George Bush, and President Bill Clinton followed the same policy. The Clinton administration entered negotiations with the Haitian military and reached an agreement that provided for the retirement of the military and the return of President Aristide. The United States sent fifteen thousand troops to Haiti to provide law and order and to retrain a police...
(The entire section is 995 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!