Haiti’s Military Junta Relinquishes Power (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: Haiti’s military junta, headed by Raoul Cédras, agreed to relinquish power, thus permitting the restoration of democracy in Haiti.
Restoration of Democracy
During the summer of 1994, U.S. president Bill Clinton became increasingly irritated by the refusal of the Haitian military junta composed of Raoul Cédras, Philippe Biamby, and Michel François to honor the Governor’s Island Agreement of 1993. In that agreement, the military leaders had promised to give up the political power they had seized in a September, 1991, coup and to permit the return to power of Jean-Bertrand Aristide, who had been democratically elected president of Haiti in December, 1990.
It became obvious to Clinton and Aristide that only military force would make the junta relinquish its usurped power. In a last effort to avoid the bloodshed that would inevitably result from an American invasion of Haiti, Clinton sent to the Haitian capital of Port-au-Prince a distinguished delegation composed of former U.S. president Jimmy Carter, General Colin Powell, and Senator Sam Nunn. The delegation arrived in Port-au-Prince on Saturday, September 17, 1994. President Clinton had the members of his delegation inform the leaders of the junta that unless an agreement were reached by noon on September 18, a U.S. invasion would begin on that day.
General Powell described bluntly the extent of American military force that...
(The entire section is 863 words.)
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