Hague Court Convicts Bosnian Croats of 1993 Muslim Massacre (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: In convicting five Bosnian Croats for the massacre of more than a hundred Bosnian Muslims in a small Bosnian village, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia served notice that all national communities would be held accountable for human rights violations committed during the breakup of Yugoslavia.
Summary of Event
Created in 1918 as the United Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes out of remnants of the defeated Austrian-Hungarian Empire, and renamed Yugoslavia in 1929, Yugoslavia was once viewed as a prime example of a major principle over which World War I had been fought: national-self determination. Yugoslavia was a union of the Slavs, the word itself meaning “southern Slav state.” However, within itself Yugoslavia was far from united. Rather, it was composed of numerous contentious national groups, each with its own culture and often with historical grievances against the other communities in the state.
The Serbs, who long fought the Austrians to create a Greater Serbia, were the dominant group. They resided primarily in the Serbian region in eastern Yugoslavia, but were scattered throughout as minorities in Yugoslavia’s other regions. In western Yugoslavia the majority national group were the Croats, who had little love for the Serbs. To the north was Slovenia, the only region almost ethnically homogeneous (97 percent Slovene, 1...
(The entire section is 2013 words.)
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