Hague Court Convicts Bosnian Croats for 1993 Massacre (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: A war crimes tribunal convicted five Croatian soldiers for atrocities against civilians during the battles that followed the breakup of Yugoslavia in 1991-1992.
Aggression Against Bosnia
Yugoslavia began breaking up in 1991, when the republics (similar to U.S. states or Canadian provinces) of Slovenia and Croatia seceded from the federation that had existed since 1918. In 1992, the republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina also seceded. This sparked a multilateral war between Bosnia’s three main ethnic groups (Croats, Serbs, and Bosnian Muslims, also known as Bosniaks) and two neighboring states, Croatia and the remainder of Yugoslavia, dominated by the republic of Serbia. The Serbs, who made up 32 percent of Bosnia, did not want to secede from Yugoslavia. They set up their own country, tied to Yugoslavia. The Bosnian Croats, who made up only about 17 percent of the republic’s population, set up a mini-state called Herzeg-Bosna and linked it closely to the highly nationalistic government of Franjo Tudjman, the president of Croatia. Serb forces brutalized Muslims, as the world witnessed in the long siege of Sarajevo and the massacre at Srebrenica. At first, the Croats fought against Serbs, but in 1993, large-scale fighting broke out between the local Croatian army and the Bosnian Muslim army. By 1994, U.S. pressure and Serbian success had pushed the Croats and Bosniaks into an alliance, which remained into the...
(The entire section is 1123 words.)
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