Hagler (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Hagler was the most significant of the eighteenth century Catawba chiefs; he established peace with the white colonists and unified his people.
From the time of first contact with the English, the Catawba Indians conferred the title of king on their chiefs. No precise date can be fixed for Hagler's birth, but it is known that he was murdered on August 30, 1763, by Shawnee warriors. It is assumed that, following the death of chief Young Warrior in 1749, Hagler became leader of the Catawbas. Though Catawba chiefs were elected and served with a tribal council, both Young Warrior and Hagler were absolute in their rule.
The Catawbas and other tribes warred constantly during the first half of the sixteenth century. This constant conflict was considered a threat by whites, and in 1750 Governor De Witt Clinton of New York called for a meeting of Indian nations in Albany, New York. Hagler and five headmen sailed from Charles Town on May 23, 1751, and arrived in New York on May 30. The negotiations in New York were successful, and the Catawbas returned to the South believing a permanent peace was at hand. Their optimism was short-lived, however: Within two years, tribes from the north were making forays into Catawba territory, taking property and attacking people.
The Cherokees also continued to attack the Catawbas. By 1759, Hagler expressed solidarity with the white people against the Cherokees. He and...
(The entire section is 693 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!