Hafiz. The Divan of Hafez: A Bilingual Text, Persian-English. Translated by Reza Saberi. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 2002. Presents a translation of Hafiz’s The Divan, with facing Persian-English pages. Hafiz’s life and work are discussed in the introduction. Includes a glossary.
_______. The Gift: Poems by Hafiz the Great Sufi Master. Translated by David Ladinsky. New York: Penguin Putman, 1999. Ladinsky is a well-known translator of Hafiz, and his translations are playful, contemporary, and rich in surprising metaphors. His introduction surveys the life and work of Hafiz.
Hillmann, Michael C. “Classicism, Ornament, Ambivalence, and the Persian Muse.” In Iranian Culture: A Persianist View. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1988. An attempt to discern enduring Iranian cultural attitudes in an examination of aesthetic aspects and criteria discernible in Hafiz’s ghazals, among them appreciation of tradition, formality, and ceremony, a penchant for embellishment and the ornamental, and a capacity for ambivalence in attitudes, ideas, beliefs, and standards. Bibliography.
_______. Unity in the Ghazals of Hafez. Minneapolis, Minn.: Bibliotheca Islamica, 1976. A formalist analysis of sixteen Hafizian ghazals in a response to long-standing charges by Iranian scholars and scholars of Asia that Hafiz’ poems lack unity. Includes an extensive list in notes and bibliography of writings on Hafiz in European languages. Bibliography, index.
LeMaster, J. R., and Sabahat Jahan. Walt Whitman and the Persian Poets: A Study in Literature and Religion. Bethesda, Md.: Ibex, 2009. Hafiz and Walt Whitman are examined for the religious content of their poetry.
Loloi, Parvin. Hafiz, Master of Persian Poetry: A Critical Bibliography—English Translations Since the Eighteenth Century. New York: I. B. Tauris, 2004. A bibliography of Hafiz’s works that helps the researcher sort out the many translations.
Pourafzal, Haleh, and Roger Montgomery. The Spiritual Wisdom of Haféz: Teachings of the Philosopher of Love. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions, 2004. A good introduction to Hafiz’s poetry. Explores how his work speaks to scholarship in philosophy, psychology, social theory, and education. Bibliographical references, index.