Grenada Invasion (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Elimination of an unstable, unfriendly government and threats of establishment of a Soviet and Cuban military base on Grenada. Result: United States victory; end of Cuban and Soviet activities in Grenada, restoration of law and order and a friendly government.
The history of conflict between the United States and Grenada is relatively short. After helping to achieve independence from Great Britain on February 7, 1974, Grenadian prime minister Eric Gairy, an authoritarian ruler friendly to the United States, was overthrown in a coup by parliamentary opposition leader Maurice Bishop on March 13, 1979. Bishop’s government suspended the constitution; accepted economic and military aid from Fidel Castro’s communist Cuba, the Soviet Union, and its allies; and established a repressive Marxist-Leninist regime. U.S. president Ronald Reagan accused Bishop and his Cuban allies of building a terrorist training base on Grenada and enlarging Point Salines Airport for offensive military purposes.
On October 19, 1983, army commander General Hudson Austin disclosed that Bishop and several cabinet ministers had been killed for not being revolutionary enough. Austin ordered a twenty-four-hour, shoot-on-sight curfew to try to consolidate political power on the island. The United States, in conjunction with the leaders of Grenada’s concerned island neighbors represented by the...
(The entire section is 642 words.)
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