Short-Answer Quizzes

Chapter 1 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Who is the narrator of the story?

2. What is the significance of the white space between paragraphs 4 and 5?

3. From what part of the country does Nick originally come?

4. Why has Nick moved to New York?

5. How does Nick come to live next door to Jay Gatsby?

6. Where had Nick known Tom Buchanan before?

7. What is Jordan Baker’s relationship to Daisy Buchanan?

8. What does Nick learn from Jordan when Tom is called to the phone?

9. What is the “secret society”?

10. What does Nick see Gatsby doing at the end of the chapter?

Answers
1. Nick Carraway tells the story as he learns it from various sources.

2. The white space indicates where the flashback to Nick’s experience in New York begins.

3. The Midwest is the home of Nick and his ancestors, a part of the country in touch with the soil and wholesome American values.

4. After the war, he is looking for a better job than the Midwest provides.

5. He rents a bungalow with a friend who subsequently transfers to Washington, leaving Nick without a roommate.

6. They had been in school together at Yale.

7. The two had been friends in Louisville, Kentucky. Daisy is two years older than Jordan.

8. Tom has “a woman” in New York. Jordan enjoys eavesdropping.

9. The “secret society” consists of distinguished people who, seemingly, are above the law; their social standing is power.

10. Gatsby is stretching out his arms toward a green light at the end of a dock across the water in a worshipful stance.

Chapter 2 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What is the Valley of Ashes literally?

2. Who or what is Dr. T. J. Eckleburg?

3. What is George Wilson’s occupation?

4. What items does Myrtle purchase in the city?

5. What is significant about Myrtle’s questioning whether the dog is a boy or girl?

6. Who is Catherine?

7. What effect does the change of dress have on Myrtle?

8. How does Myrtle talk about the help at the hotel?

9. What rumor has Catherine heard about Gatsby?

10. How does Catherine explain to Nick the affair of Myrtle and Tom?

Answers
1. It is an area, something like an isthmus, joining West Egg and East Egg. It parallels a railroad track.

2. The picture of Dr. Eckleburg, an oculist in a bygone age, appears on a billboard in the Valley of Ashes.

3. Wilson pumps gas and repairs cars.

4. She purchases Town Tattle magazine, cold cream, perfume, and a puppy. She has another list to buy the next day: “a massage and a wave, and a collar for the dog, and one of those cute little ash-trays where you touch a spring, and a wreath with a black silk bow for mother’s grave that’ll last all summer.”

5. She cannot acknowledge the sex of the dog—it is too delicate an issue—but she herself is involved in an illicit sexual relationship.

6. Catherine is Myrtle’s sister procured as a companion for Nick. She may be a prostitute since she “lived with a girl friend at a hotel.”

7. She is transformed as vitality changes to “impressive hauteur.”

8. She refers to them as an inferior order; she has changed roles as she has changed clothes.

9. He is a nephew or cousin of Kaiser Wilhelm’s.

10. According to Catherine, Daisy is Catholic and refuses to give Tom a divorce.

Chapter 3 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What kinds of cars does Gatsby use to transport guests?

2. How do the guests behave?

3. What does Nick wear to the party?

4. How does Gatsby interact with the guests?

5. What observation does Owl Eyes make about Gatsby’s library?

6. What is Nick’s first opinion of Gatsby?

7. What happens at the end of the party as the guests are leaving?

8. What does Gatsby’s formal gesture of waving farewell remind us of?

9. What story does Nick recall about Jordan, and what is the catalyst for his remembering?

10. How does Nick provide a contrast, a foil character, to Jordan?

Answers
1. His station wagon and a Rolls-Royce provide transportation for the guests.

2. The guests display the rules of behavior associated with amusement parks.

3. He dresses up in his white flannels.

4. He does not participate.

5. The library contains real books though the pages have yet to be cut. Here, and in references to Tom’s “reading,” the emphasis seems to be on pseudo-intellectualism.

6. He is impressed with his smile and his genuine interest.

7. A wheel comes off a drunken guest’s car, and the occupants end up in a ditch.

8. Earlier he extended his arm over the bay toward the green light.

9. She “had moved her ball from a bad lie in the semi-final round” of a golf tournament. Nick remembers this scandal as he and Jordan are “on a house-party together up in Warwick,” and she leaves a borrowed car out in the rain with the top down, and then lied about it.

10. Jordan is “incurably dishonest”; Nick is exceedingly honest.

Chapter 4 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. What is the date at this point in the novel?

2. Whom does Nick encounter at Gatsby’s party?

3. What is the suggestion about Henry L. Palmetto’s death?

4. In the description of Gatsby’s car, what is the significance of its being bright with nickel and swollen in its monstrous length with all kinds of boxes?

5. What phrase does Gatsby repeatedly use to address Nick and others?

6. In what country did Gatsby receive a medal “For Valour Extraordinary”?

7. Who fixed the World Series in 1919, according to Gatsby?

8. Why is Daisy’s reputation so pristine?

9. For how long has Gatsby been pursuing Daisy?

10. What phrase keeps coming back to Nick?

Answers
1. It is now July 5 1922 and shortly thereafter.

2. Somewhat surprisingly, he runs into Jordan Baker.

3. It was a suicide prompted by some dark dealing or situation.

4. It is like a god’s chariot.

5. He often calls others “Old Sport,” a phrase he perhaps picked up while studying briefly at Oxford.

6. In tiny Montenegro he was recognized for valor.

7. According to Gatsby, the Series was fixed by one man—Wolfsheim, a fictional character based on a real person.

8. Daisy does not drink.

9. Gatsby has been reading papers, keeping clippings, looking tirelessly for Daisy for five years.

10. Nick remembers the saying, “There are only the pursued, the pursuing, the busy, and the tired.”

Chapter 5 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Why does Nick say Gatsby’s house looks like the World’s Fair?

2. How does Gatsby’s gardener help prepare for Daisy’s visit?

3. How does Gatsby dress for the rendezvous with Daisy?

4. Who is the Finn referred to in chapter 5?

5. How long has it been since Daisy and Gatsby had seen each other?

6. What does Gatsby’s maid do when leaning out a central bay window?

7. In what way are the various rooms in Gatsby’s mansion described in historical terms?

8. Who was Gatsby’s first benefactor?

9. What part does nature play in the rendezvous?

10. Who provides the musical background for the love scene?

Answers
1. It is so lit up late at night.

2. He cuts Nick’s grass as well as Gatsby’s.

3. He wears a white flannel suit, silver shirt, and gold-colored tie, accouterments fit for a god.

4. She is Nick’s domestic help.

5. Gatsby has counted every minute for these five years they have been apart.

6. She spits, an incongruous action in such a setting.

7. The description includes Marie Antoinette music-rooms and Restoration salons, a sort of continental decor.

8. Dan Cody, who had made money from silver and gold fields, took him aboard his yacht.

9. It rains.

10. When Daisy and Gatsby are reunited, Klipspringer plays the piano.

Chapter 6 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. In what state did Gatsby grow up?

2. What was his real name?

3. What was Dan Cody’s background?

4. Who was Ella Kaye?

5. How much was to have been Gatsby’s inheritance from Cody?

6. Why did he not receive it?

7. What is the significance of the threesome not waiting for Gatsby?

8. Why was Daisy appalled at Gatsby’s party?

9. How did Tom charge Gatsby with making his money?

10. In what season of the year had Gatsby met and kissed Daisy?

Answers
1. Gatsby was reared in North Dakota.

2. He was named James or Jimmy Gatz.

3. Apparently, he had made a fortune in metals from Nevada silver fields and gold in the Yukon.

4. Ella Kaye was Cody’s mistress.

5. He was to receive $25,000.

6. Ella Kaye found a legal strategy to cut him out and inherit Cody’s millions herself.

7. He does not understand that their invitation is superficial; in fact, he is being insulted without being aware of it.

8. The sophistication and restraint of the “secret society are missing.” The vitality and simplicity of Gatsby’s guests are virtually palpable, and Daisy is unappreciative.

9. Tom denounces Gatsby as a bootlegger.

10. He had known her in Louisville in the autumn of the year.

Chapter 7 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. Why does Gatsby let all his domestic help go?

2. Whom does he use instead?

3. Why do the characters decide to go to New York?

4. What does Pammy wear when she comes into the room?

5. What does Gatsby say about Daisy’s voice?

6. What does Tom drive to New York?

7. Who rides with Gatsby?

8. What comment does Tom make about drug stores?

9. Of what does Tom accuse Gatsby?

10. How old is Nick at the party?

Answers
1. He dismisses them to accommodate meetings with Daisy and her wish for privacy.

2. He uses connections of Wolfsheim’s, people...

(The entire section is 170 words.)

Chapter 8 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How late does Gatsby stand outside Daisy’s house, waiting to see if she needed him?

2. Why is Gatsby’s house unkempt?

3. Why does Nick advise Gatsby to go away a while?

4. Where had Gatsby met Daisy, according to the story he tells Nick?

5. What might Fitzgerald mean in describing Daisy’s porch as “bright with the bought luxury of starshine”?

6. Why didn’t Gatsby return to Daisy immediately after the war?

7. When Gatsby returned to Louisville, where was Daisy?

8. Why is the chauffeur about to drain the pool?

9. Why does Gatsby ask him to wait?

10. After learning who owns...

(The entire section is 216 words.)

Chapter 9 Questions and Answers

Study Questions
1. How is Gatsby’s death explained by the press in local newspapers?

2. How does Catherine respond to questions about her sister?

3. How does Wolfsheim’s letter attempt to explain his not attending the funeral?

4. Who is Henry C. Gatz?

5. Why does Klipspringer call?

6. When Nick locates Wolfsheim’s office and demands to see him, what is ironic about the situation?

7. How does Wolfsheim remember Gatsby?

8. Why did Gatsby continue to wear Army uniforms?

9. What could Nick mean when he concludes, “This has been a story of the West, after all—”?

10. What is the meaning of the...

(The entire section is 267 words.)