Summary of the Novel
Great Expectations can be divided into three stages in the life of Pip. The first stage presents Pip as an orphan being raised by an unkind sister who resents him, and her husband, who offers him kindness and love. While visiting the tombstones of his parents in the cemetery, Pip encounters a convict and is made to bring him food and a file the next day. Pip’s convict and a second convict are caught by soldiers of the Crown and returned to the prison ships (the Hulks).
Uncle Pumblechook arranges for Pip to go to Miss Havisham’s house to play, and there he meets and falls in love with Estella. Pip returns to Miss Havisham’s house to walk her around the decayed banquet table every other day for nearly 10 months. Miss Havisham rewards Pip for his service by paying for his apprenticeship to become a blacksmith with Joe.
Pip is unhappy with his position and longs to become a gentleman in order that he may eventually win Estella’s affection. One day a lawyer, Mr. Jaggers, comes to tell Pip that a beneficiary has left him great fortunes. Pip is to go to London to become a gentleman. Pip believes that the benefactor is Miss Havisham.
The second stage of Pip’s life takes place in London where he becomes friends with Herbert Pocket. The two young men live beyond their means and fall deeply in debt. Pip makes friends with Mr. Jaggers’ clerk, Mr. Wemmick, and enjoys visiting him at his Castle. Pip is told the background of Miss Havisham and her ill-fated wedding day. He also is embarrassed by a visit from Joe. An unexpected visit from his convict reveals that the convict, not Miss Havisham, is his benefactor. The man’s name is Magwitch; he is the one to whom Pip had brought food in the churchyard. This knowledge begins the change in Pip from ungrateful snobbery to the humility associated with Joe and home.
The third stage in Pip’s life solves all the remaining mysteries of the novel. Compeyson, the second convict who was Magwitch’s enemy, is drowned when Pip tries to aid Magwitch in his escape from London. Pip finds out who Estella’s mother and father are. Pip is rescued from Orlick. Magwitch dies in prison, and Pip becomes a clerk in Cairo with Herbert. He returns 11 years later and finds Estella at the site of Satis House. The more popular ending indicated that they stayed together.
In order to understand the literature during the Victorian Age, one needs to have an understanding of England at that time. The era is named for England’s popular Queen Victoria who ruled for nearly 60 years. This era was a complex time and one of change. It was during the nineteenth century that England definitely became the Great Britain that is known today. The expansion of the British Empire was indeed worldwide. England was wealthy, yet democracy was slowly being forced upon her by industrial changes and political reforms. The problems of a growing democratic spirit in politics and the problems of social and industrial adjustment needed to be solved.
The Industrial Revolution changed England from a primarily agricultural nation to one that was primarily industrial and mercantile. Inventions such as the steam engine, the spinning jenny, and the power loom made machines replace hand labor, giving rise to mass unemployment. The factory system was introduced, and it was in this setting that Dickens grew up. London was the center of world dominance, but raw sewage flowed along its streets. Slums lined the Thames River. Employers used women and child labor at starvation wages. Children were taken from homes of greedy parents or from orphanages and “workhouses” and put to work in the factories.
Along with the Industrial Revolution, there was another revolution taking place between science and theology. Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley were upsetting the nation with their new doctrine that man evolved from earlier forms through a process of long development. Warfare began between those who believed that Man was created in a day in the image of God and given authority over the animal world, and those who believed Man evolved scientifically.
Victorian literature was another revolution, replacing the romantic literature of the past that had romanticized the upper classes. Victorian literature was written for the people. Magazines became very popular with the English people and catered to all classes of readers. The popular magazines provided an outlet for many writers who wrote their novels in month to month sections, much like a serial. Because these installments usually appeared month to month or week to week, the writer strung his story out based on its popularity with readers. The pressure of social problems tended to create a new awareness of and interest in human beings and relationships; thus, characterization became a dominant quality in literature.
List of Characters
Pip (a.k.a. Philip Pirrip, Handel)—Narrator of the novel who has great expectations.
Miss Havisham—Eccentric woman who lives in seclusion after being jilted on her wedding day. She has an adopted daughter Estella.
Abel Magwitch (a.k.a. Provis, First Convict, Mr. Campbell)—Pip’s benefactor and Estella’s father.
Estella—Adopted daughter of Miss Havisham who marries Bentley Drummle.
Joe Gargery—Married Pip’s sister. He is a blacksmith in the village.
Mrs. Joe Gargery (a.k.a. Georgiana M’Ria)—Pip’s sister who dies as a result of a blow on the head.
Biddy—Mr. Wopsle’s great-aunt’s granddaughter and an orphan. She marries Joe Gargery after the death of Mrs. Joe.
Mr. Jaggers —Pip’s guardian and Miss Havisham’s lawyer. He is also Abel Magwitch’s lawyer.
Herbert Pocket, Pale Young Gentleman—Pip’s roommate in London and close friend.
John Wemmick—A clerk in Mr. Jaggers’ office.
Matthew Pocket—Father to Herbert Pocket and tutor for Pip while he is in London.
Compeyson, Second Convict—Fiance who jilted Miss Havisham and partner with Abel Magwitch and Arthur in illegal dealings.
Uncle Pumblechook—Joe’s uncle and the one who takes the credit for Pip’s fortunes.
Dolge Orlick—Responsible for Mrs. Joe’s death and is Pip’s enemy.
Clara—Marries Herbert Pocket.
Bentley Drummle—Also known as the Spider. Was tutored by Matthew Pocket and married Estella.
Aged Parent—John Wemmick’s father who is deaf.
Miss Skiffins—Marries John Wemmick.
Molly—Servant to Mr. Jaggers and Estella’s mother.
Arthur—Miss Havisham’s half brother and a partner to Compeyson.
Mr. Wopsle, Mr. Waldengarver—A clerk in the church before becoming an actor.
Mr. Trabb—A local tailor and undertaker in Pip’s village.
Mr. Trabb’s boy—Makes fun of Pip when he receives his fortune, but leads Herbert and Startop to the sluice house where Orlick is holding Pip captive.
Bill Barley, Gruffandgrim—Father of Clara and an ex-purser.
Startop—Like Pip and Drummle, is tutored by Matthew Pocket. He is also a friend of Pip’s who helps try to get Magwitch out of the country.
Mr. Hubble—A wheelwright in Pip’s village and a guest at Christmas dinner when Pip was young.
Mrs. Hubble—Wife of Mr. Hubble and also a guest at Christmas dinner.
Mr. Wopsle’s Great-Aunt—Runs an evening school in the village. She also runs a little store where Biddy works.
Mrs. Camilla—Relative to Miss Havisham.
Cousin Raymond—Relative to Miss Havisham.
Sarah Pocket—Relative to Miss Havisham and works briefly for her.
Georgiana Pocket—Relative to Miss Havisham.
Mrs. Whimple—The landlady where Clara and her father live. It is also her house where Magwitch is hidden.
Flopson and Millers—Nurses who work for Matthew Pocket.
Pepper, Avenger—A servant for Pip while he is in London.
Skiffins—Miss Skiffins’ brother. He is an accountant who arranges for Herbert to become a partner with Clarriker.
Clarriker—The merchant that Pip arranges for Herbert to go into business with.
Mrs. Brandley—A widow and the lady Estella is living with in Richmond.
Belinda Pocket—Wife of Matthew Pocket and mother to Herbert Pocket.
Jack—The man who dresses in the clothes left by roomers or takes them from drowned victims. He is at the public house where Herbert, Magwitch, Pip, and Startop spend the night before rowing out to sea.
Squires—Landlord of the Blue Boar.
Mrs. Coiler—A widow and a neighbor to Mr. and Mrs. Matthew Pocket.
Sophia—A servant of Matthew and Belinda Pocket.
Colonel—A soldier in Newgate Prison who is sentenced to die.
Mary Anne—A young servant working for Mr. Wemmick.
Stranger at the Three Jolly Bargemen—A recent convict who knew Abel Magwitch. He gave Pip some money from Magwitch and stirred his drink with Joe’s file.
Estimated Reading Time
Four weeks should be allowed for the study of Great Expectations. Three weeks will be required to read the novel, reading four chapters at a sitting. The student should read every day from Monday through Friday. After reading the chapters, the student should answer all study questions in this book to ensure understanding and comprehension. The essay questions may be used if needed. The fourth week is set aside for reports, projects, and testing as deemed necessary by the teacher.
Summary (Magill's Survey of World Literature, Revised Edition)
Not one of Dickens’s child characters enjoys a happy and uncomplicated relationship with two living parents. In his fiction, Dickens found it necessary not only to orphan himself of the parents who shamed him but also to re-create them in ideal shapes—and sometimes, too, to be fair to them. That is what happens in Great Expectations. What strikes one most powerfully about this compact and streamlined narrative—technically, perhaps Dickens’s best—is the excessive and apparently unmotivated guilt of its hero: guilt, perhaps, for the terrible snobbery into which he falls as he tries to climb the social ladder,guilt at his rejection of his parents, or the guilt of the human condition.
Pip is a village orphan brought up roughly by his unmotherly sister (her bosom bristles with pins), the wife of gentle blacksmith Joe Gargery. In the first chapter of the novel, on the memorable day when he becomes aware for the first time of his identity and his place in a hostile world, Pip meets, in the graveyard where his parents lie buried, a shivering, ravenous, and monstrous man, an escapee from the prison ships across the marshes, who terrorizes Pip into stealing food and drink for him. The convict is eventually recaptured, but not before Pip (and Joe) has come to pity him or before he has lied that it was he who stole a pie and brandy from the Gargery larder.
Next, Pip also meets the rich, weird recluse Miss Havisham, who lives in a...
(The entire section is 691 words.)
Summary (Masterplots, Fourth Edition)
Little Pip was left an orphan when he was a small boy, and his much older sister grudgingly rears him in her cottage. Pip’s brother-in-law, Joe Gargery, on the other hand, is kind and loving to the boy. Pip often wanders alone in the marsh country where he lives with his sister and Joe. One day, he is accosted by a wild-looking stranger who is an escaped prisoner. He frightens Pip and demands that the boy secretly bring him food and a file to cut the iron chain that binds his leg. When Pip brings him a pork pie and file, he sees another mysterious figure on the marsh. This man engages in a desperate struggle with the escaped prisoner, then escapes into the fog. The man Pip aids promises that he will somehow repay the boy for helping him. He is later apprehended.
Mrs. Joe sends Pip to the large mansion of strange Miss Havisham upon that lady’s request. Miss Havisham lives in a gloomy, locked house where all the clocks were stopped on the day her bridegroom failed to appear for the wedding ceremony. She often dresses in her bridal robes; a wedding breakfast molds on the table in an unused room. Pip goes there every day to visit the old lady and a beautiful young girl, named Estella, who delights in tormenting the shy boy. Miss Havisham enjoys watching the two children together, and she encourages Estella in her haughty teasing of Pip.
Living in the grim atmosphere of Joe’s blacksmith shop and the uneducated poverty of his sister’s home,...
(The entire section is 1309 words.)
Great Expectations, many readers' favorite Dickens novel, is immensely popular for its self-portrait of the author and for the warmth, feeling, and reality that it imparts to what is essential in human experience. Because of the deep impressions his own childhood made on him, Dickens is a novelist of childhood. He presents children, especially Pip, with sympathy and understanding, creating a sensitive orphan boy with whom every reader can identify. The other characters of the story are also fascinating: the half-demented old Miss Havisham; Estella, her haughty adopted daughter; the convict Magwitch; and Joe Gargery, the tenderhearted blacksmith. Another reason for the novel's popularity is its intriguing plot, filled with adventure, romance, excitement, mystery, and suspense.
Dickens is not only a master storyteller but also a reformer and humanitarian. His novels attack inequities of the social and economic system of Victorian England. In particular, Great Expectations exposes the brutal treatment of convicts, the misery of the London slums, the indifference of society to the underprivileged, and the cruelty and corruption of institutions. The reader leaves the novel with a deeper understanding of justice and social" responsibility.
(The entire section is 186 words.)
The First Stage of Pip's Expectations
Charles Dickens' Great Expectations opens as seven-year-old Philip Pirrip, known as "Pip," visits the graves of his parents down in the marshes near his home on Christmas Eve. Here he encounters a threatening escaped convict, who frightens Pip and makes him promise to steal food and a file for him. Pip steals some food from his brother-in-law, the blacksmith Joe Gargery, and his cruel sister "Mrs. Joe," with whom he lives, and takes it to the convict the next day. The convict is soon caught and returned to the "Hulks," the prison ships from which he had escaped.
Pip is invited to visit the wealthy Miss Havisham, and to play with her adopted daughter, Estella. Miss Havisham lives in the gloomy Satis House, and Pip discovers her to be an extremely eccentric woman. Having been abandoned on her wedding day many years earlier, Miss Havisham has never changed out of her wedding dress since that time, and nothing in the house, including the rotting wedding cake covered with spider webs, has been touched since she discovered that her fiance had left her and had cheated her out of a great deal of money. Miss Havisham has raised Estella to be a cold and heartless woman who will avenge her adopted mother by breaking the hearts of men.
Pip continues to visit Satis House to play with Estella, and he begins to fall in love with her, despite the fact that she is rude and condescending to...
(The entire section is 1554 words.)
Summary and Analysis
Part 1, Chapter 1 Summary and Analysis
Pip (Philip Pirrip): a young boy about six or seven years of age who is the narrator of the novel
Mrs. Joe Gargery: Pip’s sister
First Convict: a man who is hiding in the cemetery and threatens to kill Pip by cutting out his heart and liver if he does not bring him “wittles” (food) and a file
“Philip Pirrip, Late Of This Parish”: inscription written on Pip’s father’s tombstone
“Georgiana Wife Of The Above”: inscription written on Pip’s mother’s tombstone
Alexander, Bartholomew Abraham Tobias, Roger: Pip’s brothers who died as infants; their tombstones are located next to the parents’ stones in the cemetery
Pip, an orphan being brought up by his sister, goes to the village cemetery to visit the tombstones of his parents and five little brothers. In the churchyard, a convict with an iron on his leg frightens Pip. The escaped convict—wet, cold, and hungry—questions Pip. After learning that Pip lives with his sister and her husband, the convict demands that Pip bring him “wittles” (food) and a file for his leg iron. The convict threatens to cut out Pip’s heart and liver if he does not return by the next morning. The demands are enforced with references to an unseen, evil companion who knows how to “get” young boys who do not do as they are...
(The entire section is 442 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 2 and 3 Summary and Analysis
Joe Gargery: a blacksmith who is married to Pip’s sister
Second Convict: an escaped convict from the hulks who has a bruise on his left cheek
Pip runs home from the churchyard only to be informed by Joe that his sister is out looking for him. His sister is 20 years older than Pip and is described as “not a good-looking woman … with black hair and eyes and a prevailing redness of skin.” Joe, on the other hand, is gentle and protective towards Pip and is described as “a fair man, with curls of flaxen hair on each side of his smooth face.” Mrs. Joe returns to the house, and upon finding Pip there, throws him across the room, striking him with “Tickler” (a beating rod). After demanding to know where he has been, she serves Joe and Pip some bread and butter. Remembering his promise to the convict, Pip decides to hide his serving of food down his pants leg. When Pip is sent to bed, he struggles with his fear of the convict’s companion and a heavy load of guilt, knowing that in the morning he is going to steal from Mrs. Joe.
Pip gets up at sunrise, steals food, brandy, a pork pie, and one of Joe’s files. He then heads for the battery near the churchyard. As he nears the battery, Pip sees a convict huddled with his arms folded in sleep. Pip taps him on the shoulder, but when the startled convict turns around, it is not the first convict. The second...
(The entire section is 599 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 4 and 5 Summary and Analysis
Mr. Wopsle: the clerk at church and a guest at the Gargery’s Christmas dinner
Mr. Hubble: the wheelwright (one who makes and repairs wheels) and a guest at the Gargery’s Christmas dinner
Mrs. Hubble: wife of the wheelwright, also a guest at the Gargery’s
Uncle Pumblechook: Joe’s uncle, a well-to-do corn chandler (grain merchant) and a guest at the Gargery’s
Sergeant and His Soldiers: men in pursuit of the two escaped convicts; they stop at the Gargery house to have some handcuffs repaired
As the chapter opens, Mrs. Joe is busily cleaning and getting ready for the holiday dinner while Joe and Pip try to stay out of her way. It is Christmas Day, and Pip and Joe go to church where Pip feels the urge to confess his wrongdoing, but he does not. After church the dinner guests arrive, and Pip is constantly in fear that the theft will be discovered. During the dinner, Pip is often compared to a swine and reminded by the dinner guests that he should be grateful to his sister for his upbringing. Mrs. Joe reaches for the stone bottle that holds the brandy and prepares to pour Mr. Pumblechook a drink. After a drink of the liquid, Mr. Pumblechook jumps to his feet and rushes out the door, “violently plunging and expectorating.” (Unknowingly, Pip had replaced the stolen brandy with tar-water.) Puzzled about how the tar-water got into the...
(The entire section is 867 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 6 and 7 Summary and Analysis
Mr. Wopsle’s Great-Aunt: keeps an evening school in the village and also runs a general store
Biddy: runs Mr. Wopsle’s great-aunt’s general store and is her granddaughter; she is an orphan
Miss Havisham: mysterious rich lady who lives in town and leads a secluded life
Pip is one year older, and although he attends Mr. Wopsle’s great-aunt’s evening school in the village, it is Biddy who teaches him to read and write. Joe and Pip sit by the hearth and Pip writes Joe a letter. Joe is impressed by Pip’s awkward but scholarly endeavor and praises him. Pip asks Joe to read it, but Joe can only read the letters “JO.” Pip realizes that Joe can neither read nor write. Pip asks him about his schooling and Joe relates his past to Pip. He tells that his father was a drunkard and made him go to work instead of attending school. He beat Joe and his mother; they left him many times, but he would always come and get them. Joe began working as a blacksmith at a very young age. His father died, then his mother. Joe tells Pip that after living alone he began to notice Pip’s sister trying to raise Pip by herself. The people in the village talked about how she was bringing Pip up “by hand.” So Joe began to see Pip’s sister, married her, and encouraged her to bring the “poor little child” with her to the forge. Joe, caring for Pip as if he were his son,...
(The entire section is 643 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 8 and 9 Summary and Analysis
Estella: a young girl about the same age as Pip who lives with Miss Havisham
Pip goes home with Mr. Pumblechook and is sent directly to bed. In the morning Pip is given bread crumbs and diluted milk while Mr. Pumblechook drills him in math. At ten o’clock they go to Miss Havisham’s house which is dismal and closed up. Some of the windows are walled up while most of the remaining ones are encased in iron bars. The courtyard in front is also barred. There is an old brewery on one side of the house and the unkempt grounds are overgrown with tangled weeds. Pip and Mr. Pumblechook stand at the gate waiting to be let in. Estella lets only Pip in and turns Mr. Pumblechook away. As Pip and Estella walk toward the house, she tells him that it is called Satis, which means “enough” and that “when it was given that whoever had this house could want nothing else.” Even though the sun is shinning outside, Estella leads Pip into the dark house lit only by candles. She knocks on a door and is instructed to enter. Pip is to go in by himself, and Estella leaves.
As he enters the sunless room lighted with wax candles, he sees that it is a woman’s dressing room. Sitting at her dressing table is Miss Havisham. She is dressed in a white dress which is now yellow with age. Her hair is white, and a yellowed veil hangs from her hair. Everything that should be white is faded and yellow....
(The entire section is 901 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 10 and 11 Summary and Analysis
Stranger at the Three Jolly Bargemen: questions Joe about Pip and stirs his rum with Joe’s file
Mrs. Camilla, Cousin Raymond, Sarah Pocket, Georgiana Pocket: relatives of Miss Havisham who come to visit her on her birthday in hopes that they will be rewarded monetarily one day
Gentleman coming downstairs at Miss Havisham’s: stops Pip on his way up to see Miss Havisham
Pale Young Gentleman: fights with Pip in the garden at Miss Havisham’s
Following his visit to Miss Havisham’s, Pip decides to learn everything he can to become uncommon. Mr. Wopsle’s great-aunt’s evening school offers him no educational advantages or learning. The great-aunt frequently falls asleep, and the students do as they please. Biddy tries to get the students to read what they can, but all is chaos. Pip asks Biddy if she will teach him everything she knows. Every evening they meet and discuss prices, copy letters, and read.
One Saturday Pip goes to the Three Jolly Bargemen, a public house in the village, in order to walk home with Joe. Joe is seated with Mr. Wopsle and a mysterious stranger. Upon hearing Joe call Pip’s name, the stranger is extremely interested in Pip. He looks at no one but Pip. When no one else is looking at him except Pip, he begins to stir his rum and water with Joe’s file. Pip is spellbound by the realization that this man knows his...
(The entire section is 881 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 12 and 13 Summary and Analysis
Pip worries about the fight with the pale young gentleman and wonders if he will be severely disciplined for hitting the young boy. He is afraid to return to Miss Havisham’s, but after searching the scene of the fight and surveying the overlooking windows, Pip decides that no punishment is to come to him. He finds that Miss Havisham must now be pushed in a wheelchair when she becomes too tired to walk, and that sometimes they walk for as long as three hours. Pip returns every other day for about eight to ten months, and as they walk, they talk.
Miss Havisham often asks Pip if Estella is growing prettier. She then whispers to Estella to “break their hearts, my pride and hope, break their hearts and have no mercy!” After noticing one day that he has grown taller, Miss Havisham asks that Joe accompany Pip on his next visit. She believes that he should become apprenticed to the blacksmith as soon as possible.
While at home at the forge, Pip’s sister and Uncle Pumblechook discuss what they might gain as a result of Pip’s visits with Miss Havisham. The next day Joe, dressed in his Sunday clothes, and Pip go to Miss Havisham’s. Mrs. Joe is angry because she was not invited to accompany them and goes to visit Mr. Pumblechook. Pip is embarrassed by the way Joe looks in his clothes and decides that he “looked far better in his working dress.” He is again embarrassed when, instead of directly talking to Miss...
(The entire section is 670 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 14 and 15 Summary and Analysis
Dolge Orlick: a journeyman working for Joe who has great strength and is always slouching; he is 25 years of age and dislikes Pip
Pip begins his apprenticeship to Joe and feels that “it is a most miserable thing to feel ashamed of home.” Pip realizes that he could have run off and become a sailor, but it is because of Joe that he does not. He fears that Estella will come to the forge and see him at his dirtiest, and he imagines her face in the flames of the fire in the forge. Pip is still trying to learn all he can to become uncommon, receiving lessons from not only Biddy, but Mr. Wopsle as well. Everything Pip learns he tries to teach to Joe because he “wanted to make Joe less ignorant and common, that he might be worthier of my society and less open to Estella’s reproach.”
Every Sunday Pip and Joe go out to the marshes, and Pip tries to teach Joe. Although Joe never retains much knowledge, he always enjoys this time with Pip. One afternoon Pip suggests that he ought to return to Miss Havisham’s to thank her for all she has done for him. Joe does not think he should return for fear that she might think he wants something from her. He finally agrees to allow a half day holiday so that Pip might go.
Orlick, a large, slouching journeyman, overhears Joe give Pip permission to leave early and accuses Joe of favoritism. Joe agrees to allow Orlick off for...
(The entire section is 830 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 16 and 17 Summary and Analysis
After Mrs. Joe is attacked, Pip feels guilt and goes over and over the evidence and circumstances of the attack. Joe had been at the Three Jolly Bargemen; Orlick had been in town and even walked home with him and Mr. Wopsle. Nothing had been taken or disturbed at the house; however, an important piece of evidence was found beside Mrs. Joe—a convict’s leg iron. After looking at the iron, Joe decides that it had been filed off a long time ago. Pip believes that the iron belongs to the first convict, but he does not believe that his convict is the one who attacked his sister. Pip suspects the attacker to be either Orlick or the stranger who stirred his rum with Joe’s file, and he feels guilty because he had provided the weapon.
Mrs. Joe is ill for many months with multiple complications. Her sight, hearing, and memory are impaired, and her speech is unintelligible. Because Mrs. Joe has to have constant care, Biddy moves into the house to take care of her and the household. During this time, Mrs. Joe keeps tracing on her slate a figure that looks like a “T.” Pip finally determines that it could represent a hammer. Mrs. Joe does not want a hammer, but she wants to see Orlick every time she draws the figure. When Orlick comes into the house, she does not appear angry or disturbed, but seems humble and almost kind to him.
Time passes and it is Pip’s birthday. He returns to see Miss Havisham, who gives him a...
(The entire section is 591 words.)
Part 1, Chapter 18 and 19 Summary and Analysis
Mr. Jaggers: a lawyer from London who informs Pip of his great expectations; he is to be Pip’s guardian
Mr. Trabb: a tailor in the village who makes Pip’s new clothes
Mr. Trabb’s Boy: a young boy who works for Mr. Trabb and treats Pip with disdain
Pip has been an apprentice to Joe for four years. He, Joe, Mr. Wopsle, and some other villagers are in the Three Jolly Bargemen enjoying Mr. Wopsle’s dramatic reading about a murder case in the newspaper. A stranger challenges the group concerning jumping to conclusions about a person’s guilt and makes Mr. Wopsle feel insignificant. The stranger asks for Joe and Pip to accompany him outside where he tells them that he has some news for Pip. They return to the forge and sit at the kitchen table where he offers money to end Pip’s apprenticeship. Joe refuses the money.
Pip recognizes the stranger as the gentleman who was coming downstairs at Miss Havisham’s on Pip’s second visit. The stranger reveals his name as that of Mr. Jaggers, a lawyer from London. He then informs Pip that Pip has acquired great expectations and will leave for London in one week. He tells Pip that Jaggers is to be his guardian, and he gives Pip 20 guineas in order that he might go into the village and have new clothes made. His tutor in London will be Mr. Matthew Pocket. Pip recognizes the name as belonging to the cousin of...
(The entire section is 878 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 20 and 21 Summary and Analysis
Mr. John Wemmick: Mr. Jagger’s clerk in London
Mr. Pocket, Jr.: Herbert Pocket, also known as the “pale young gentleman” in Chapters 10 and 11; he is to be Pip’s roommate in London
Pip, anticipating great expectations, is dismayed with London which is located about five hours from his village. He is not prepared for the ugliness and filthiness of the city. He is brought down a “gloomy” street to Mr. Jaggers’ office, described by Pip as “a most dismal place.”
Pip tires of waiting for Mr. Jaggers’ return and goes walking, where he encounters the jail, Newgate Prison, the gallows, and many people speaking admirably of Mr. Jaggers’ ability as a lawyer. After overhearing one remark, “Jaggers would do it if it was to be done,” Pip’s estimation of his new guardian grows. Pip sees Mr. Jaggers approaching and they walk back together to his office. As they walk through the crowds, Mr. Jaggers admonishes some to stay away, some to tell him nothing more than he wants to hear, and still others that everything is taken care of. He exhibits no sentimentality and detaches himself emotionally from humanity.
Pip is instructed to go to Barnard’s Inn and stay with Matthew Pocket’s son. In the meantime, he is given cards of tradesmen and told to get any clothes or anything else he might need. Mr. Wemmick walks him to his new living quarters...
(The entire section is 462 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 22 and 23 Summary and Analysis
Handel: a name given to Pip by Herbert Pocket
Belinda Pocket: wife of Matthew Pocket, quite helpless and dependent upon her nurses; she is obsessed with titles, positions, and luxury
Matthew Pocket: Pip’s tutor and father of Herbert Pocket
Flopson and Millers: two nurses working for Mr. and Mrs. Pocket
Bentley Drummle: a student of Mr. Pocket
Startop: a student of Mr. Pocket
Mrs. Coiler: a “toady” neighbor to Mr. and Mrs. Pocket , also a widow
Jane: one of the Pocket’s young daughters who helps take care of the other children
Joe and Fanny: children of the Pockets
Sophia: a servant to Mr. and Mrs. Pocket
Herbert and Pip renew their friendship and talk of their fight at Miss Havisham’s. Herbert tells Pip that he (Herbert) had been asked to come to Miss Havisham’s in order to see if Estella could “take a fancy” to him, but she did not. Pip asks how he felt about the rejection and Herbert replies, “She’s (Estella) a Tartar.… That girl’s hard and haughty and capricious to the last degree, and has been brought up by Miss Havisham to wreak revenge on all the male sex.” Herbert tells Pip that Estella is adopted and then tells him Miss Havisham’s story.
It seems that Miss Havisham had a half brother who was “riotous, extravagant,...
(The entire section is 744 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 24 and 25 Summary and Analysis
Aged Parent: Mr. Wemmick’s deaf father who lives with him at Walworth
Pip learns from Mr. Pocket that he is not being trained for any particular profession, but he is to be educated enough to “hold my (Pip) own with the average of young men in prosperous circumstances.” Pip decides to keep his room at Barnard’s Inn as well as his room at Mr. Pocket’s home. He asks Mr. Jaggers for enough money to buy the furniture, which is at the time only rented, at Barnard’s Inn. Mr. Jaggers forces Pip to set the amount and has Mr. Wemmick give him that exact amount.
Wemmick introduces Pip to the other clerks in the office who he finds repulsive and dirty. Wemmick leads Pip back to Mr. Jaggers’ office, and they discuss two horrible casts or masks hanging on the wall. Pip learns that the casts had been made after the subjects had been hanged. Wemmick invites Pip to visit him at his home in Walworth and inquires if Mr. Jaggers has asked him to dinner yet. Wemmick tells Pip that when he does go to dinner at Mr. Jaggers, pay close attention to his housekeeper and “you’ll see a wild beast tamed.”
Mr. Wemmick takes Pip into court to see Mr. Jaggers at work. Pip feels that Mr. Jaggers bullies not only his clients, but everyone else as well. “The magistrates shivered under a single bite of his finger. Thieves and thieftakers hung in dread rapture on his words, and...
(The entire section is 673 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 26 and 27 Summary and Analysis
The Spider: the name Mr. Jaggers gives to Bentley Drummle
Molly: Mr. Jaggers’ housekeeper who has great strength in her wrists
Pepper: also called the Avenger; a servant who works for Pip
Mr. Jaggers invites Pip and his friends to dinner. Pip finds his house bare and neglected. Dinner is served by Mr. Jaggers from a dumbwaiter. Mr. Jaggers takes a liking to Bentley Drummle and refers to the “blotchy, sprawly, sulky fellow” as “the Spider.” The housekeeper appears, and Mr. Jaggers tells her to show her wrists to the guests. Her wrists are “disfigured—deeply scarred and scarred across and across.” Mr. Jaggers points out that few men or women have the strength that Molly has in her wrists.
During the course of the dinner, Drummle implies that Pip and Herbert are too free with their money. They reply that they observed Drummle borrowing money from Startop. Drummle replies that he did, but would never lend money to anyone. The discussion becomes an argument and results in Startop’s walking home on one side of the street and Drummle on the other side. As Pip prepares to leave, Mr. Jaggers cautions him by saying, “Don’t have too much to do with him (Drummle). Keep as clear of him as you can.”
Upon Pip’s arrival at Barnard’s Inn, he receives a letter from Biddy saying that Joe will be arriving in London the next day....
(The entire section is 889 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 28 and 29 Summary and Analysis
Pip prepares to return immediately to see Estella. He knows he needs to stay at the forge with Joe while he is there, but he invents all kinds of reasons why it would be better for him to stay at the Blue Boar in the village. “I should be an inconvenience at Joe’s; I was not expected, and my bed would not be ready; I should be too far from Miss Havisham’s, and she was exacting and mightn’t like it.”
Pip boards the coach heading for home with two convicts who are accompanied by a jailor returning them to the Hulks. Pip recognizes one of the convicts as the mysterious stranger who stirred his rum with Joe’s file so long ago at the Three Jolly Bargemen. Pip is relieved that he has changed so much that the convict does not recognize him. As they travel, Pip overhears the two convicts discuss an incident that directly involved Pip. The mysterious convict confesses to the other that he has been to the village before. He was about to be released when a fellow convict asked him to give two one-pound notes to a boy named Pip. This was to be a repayment for a kindness the boy had done for him. Now, Pip definitely knows that the notes came from his convict (the first convict) in the cemetery near the marshes. The mysterious stranger also relates how Pip’s convict was tried again for prison breaking and given life.
Pip is so unnerved by this conversation that he gets off the stage as quickly as it nears his...
(The entire section is 989 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 30 and 31 Summary and Analysis
Clara: Herbert’s fiancee
Mr. Waldengarver: a name Mr. Wopsle is using as a stage name
While still staying at the Blue Boar, Pip confides to Mr. Jaggers that he does not believe that Orlick is the right man to have a position of trust with Miss Havisham. Mr. Jaggers agrees and assures Pip that it will be taken care of. As Pip walks through the village, most of the people make it a point of seeing him because of his fortunes. However, Trabb’s boy ridicules and aggravates him by bowing down to him and then following him down the street crowing at him. Pip catches the stage headed back to London. He sends Joe some codfish and a barrel of oysters because he did not go see him.
Upon returning to Barnard’s Inn, Pip finds it hard to keep the Avenger busy. He invents errands for him to do. Pip asks Herbert if he might confide in him. Herbert and Pip sit in front of the fire while Pip talks of his love for Estella. “‘Herbert,’ said, I, laying my hand upon his knee, ‘I love—I adore—Estella.’” Herbert tells Pip that he has known that fact all along. Pip and Herbert both feel that Pip has been chosen for Estella by Miss Havisham. However, Herbert cautions Pip that in the event that this is not the case, he must be able to detach himself from her. Pip assures Herbert that he would never be able to do that.
Herbert then confides to Pip that he...
(The entire section is 501 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 32 and 33 Summary and Analysis
Colonel: a soldier condemned to die at Newgate Prison
Pip receives a note from Estella telling him that she is to arrive in London, and he is to meet her at the stage. Pip is overjoyed and goes to the coach office hours before her time of arrival. While waiting for Estella, Mr. Wemmick asks Pip if he would like to see Newgate Prison. They go to the prison which Pip finds neglected, disorderly, and depressing. Mr. Wemmick has a knowledge of all the prisoners and speaks with them or tips his hat. Mr. Wemmick introduces Pip to a soldier condemned to be hanged the following Monday. After leaving the prison, Pip feels contaminated by the filth of the prison and its occupants.
Estella arrives and Pip is overjoyed. They discuss Miss Havisham’s plans for them. Pip was not only to meet her at the stage but is to send for a carriage and take her to Richmond. Estella is to live in Richmond with a powerful woman who will introduce her into society. Estella tells Pip how much Miss Havisham’s relatives hate him, and how she has disliked them all her life. She hates people who deceive and play up to others, as the Pockets do Miss Havisham. Pip sends for tea as they wait for a carriage to take them to Richmond, and Estella inquires about Pip’s affairs. When the carriage comes, Pip takes her to Richmond and is told that he may call upon her at any time.
Pip returns to London...
(The entire section is 778 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 34 and 35 Summary and Analysis
Pip begins to look at the effects of his Great Expectations, and he does not like what he sees. His wealth has affected others as well as himself. Influenced by Pip’s lavish expenditures, Herbert has also spent beyond his means. They join an expensive club called the Finches of the Grove and spend extravagantly. Pip states, “We spent as much money as we could, and got as little for it as people could make up their minds to give us. We were always more or less miserable.…” Pip and Herbert sit down and try to straighten out their debts. Humorously, more action is taken in gathering all the debts and papers than in actually paying off any of the expenditures.
A letter from Trabb and Company arrives for Pip telling him of his sister’s death. The funeral will be the following Monday at three o’clock in the evening. This is the first time that death has entered into Pip’s life, and it causes him to reflect back to his life on the marshes with Joe and his sister. He has no tender remembrances of his sister, but her image seems to be everywhere. He cannot imagine the kitchen without her in it. He thinks of Joe and Biddy and their tenderness and kindness.
He arrives in his village and goes directly to his old home. Trabb and Company has taken over the entire funeral—telling everyone what to wear and where to stand. Refreshments have been set up in the parlour, and Mr. Pumblechook is...
(The entire section is 698 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 36 and 37 Summary and Analysis
Miss Skiffins: a lady friend of Mr. Wemmick
Skiffins: Miss Skiffins’ brother who is an accountant and agent; he arranges Herbert’s partnership with Clarriker
Clarriker: a young merchant that Herbert goes to work for
Pip’s and Herbert’s finances go from bad to worse. Finally, in November Pip “comes of age.” On his twenty-first birthday, Mr. Jaggers sends for him. Mr. Jaggers inquires how much Pip is spending, and Pip replies that he does not really know. Mr. Jaggers is not surprised and asks Pip if he has any questions for him. Pip asks if his benefactor is to be made known to him today. Mr. Jaggers answers negatively and reminds Pip of the stipulations given to him when he was a young man living at the forge as a blacksmith.
Mr. Jaggers gives Pip a bank note for 500 pounds and tells him that from now on he is to handle his money affairs entirely by himself. Pip “will draw from Wemmick one hundred and twenty-five pounds per quarter” until the benefactor makes himself or herself known.
Pip wonders if Miss Havisham has confided to Mr. Jaggers the plans for Estella and Pip. Mr. Jaggers makes no mention of Estella or of having any knowledge that Pip and Estella are being prepared for one another. Mr. Jaggers goes to wash his hands, and Pip asks Wemmick about helping a friend get started in business. Wemmick tells Pip that he...
(The entire section is 867 words.)
Part 2, Chapter 38 and 39 Summary and Analysis
Mrs. Brandley: a widow and the lady Estella is living with in Richmond
Pip visits Richmond often to see Estella. He is continually hurt by her and states, “I suffered every kind and degree of torture that Estella could cause me.” She uses Pip to tease other admirers so he is never happy in her presence, yet he is more miserable when he is not near her. Miss Havisham sends for Estella and instructs Pip to bring her. They arrive at Satis House and Pip notices that nothing has changed. Miss Havisham dotes upon Estella. “She hung upon Estella’s beauty, hung upon her words, hung upon her gestures, and sat mumbling her own trembling fingers while she looked at her, as though she were devouring the beautiful creature she had reared.”
It is on this visit that Miss Havisham and Estella have their first argument. Miss Havisham is horrified that Estella treats her coldly and without feeling. Estella reminds her that that is how she was reared and replies, “I am what you have made me.”
Pip walks in the garden while they argue. When he returns, everything seems to be back to normal, and he and Estella play games as in the past. That night Pip stays at Satis House. It is the first time he has spent the night there, and he is unable to sleep. He gets up and sees Miss Havisham roaming about the house like a ghost.
Pip and Estella return to Richmond, and...
(The entire section is 1260 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 40 and 41 Summary and Analysis
Provis, Abel Magwitch: the assumed name and the real name of the first convict
Because Pip has to concentrate on hiding the convict, he pushes his other worries aside for the moment. He decides that he will tell people that his Uncle Provis has come to visit. On the way downstairs to talk to the watchman, Pip trips on a mysterious stranger hiding in the shadows of the stairway who runs immediately. Pip questions the watchman and finds that there were indeed two men who came last night, and the watchman thought they were together. The following morning Pip finds that the convict’s real name is Abel Magwitch, and he also finds out the reason why he has come to London jeopardizing his life. Magwitch states, “I’ve come to the old country fur to see my gentleman spend his money like a gentleman. That’ll be my pleasure.… If the danger had been fifty times as great, I should ha’ come to see you, mind you, just the same.” So Pip learns that Provis plans to disguise himself and stay in London.
Pip finds Provis a lodging house in Essex Street at the back of the Temple and rents him a room. Then Pip goes to Mr. Jaggers office to confirm what he has learned from Provis. Mr. Jaggers keeps referring to Provis as “the man in New South Wales.” He insists that Pip did not communicate with him but was “informed” of his whereabouts. Pip tells Mr. Jaggers that he thought his...
(The entire section is 740 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 42 and 43 Summary and Analysis
Compeyson: the name of the second convict introduced in Chapter 3; he was Miss Havisham’s fiancee who jilted her at the altar
Arthur: the name of Miss Havisham’s half brother
Sally: Compeyson’s wife
Provis relates his life story to Herbert and Pip. It seems that he has spent all his life in and out of jails. Provis states, “I’ve been locked up as much as silver tea-kittle, I’ve been carted here and carted there, and put out of this town and put out of that town, and stuck in the stocks, and whipped and worried and drove.” Misfortune has followed him as long as he can remember. He had to rob in order to eat even as a youngster. A soldier taught him to read, and a traveling giant taught him to write. About twenty years ago he was introduced to Compeyson who was “set up fur a gentleman … and had learning. He was a smooth one to talk … and was good-looking too.” Provis and Compeyson went into business together. “Compeyson’s business was the swindling, handwriting forging, stolen bank-note passing, and such-like. All sorts of traps as Compeyson could set with his head, and keep his own legs out of and get the profits from and let another man in for, was Compeyson’s business.” While in the association with Compeyson, Provis met another accomplice—a man called Arthur. Compeyson and Arthur had done a “bad thing with a rich lady some years...
(The entire section is 782 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 44 and 45 Summary and Analysis
Mary Anne: a young servant working for Mr. Wemmick
Pip goes to Satis House to confront Miss Havisham and Estella. He wants to tell them that he knows who the benefactor is and to let Miss Havisham know that it was unkind of her to allow him to think it was she. He states, “I am as unhappy as you can ever have meant me to be.” Pip tells her that not all of her relatives are greedy self-seekers. Two of them, Herbert and his father, are honorable and do not deserve to be included with the other Pockets. They have always been honest with Pip and a friend to him. Pip realizes that he will be unable to continue his financial obligations where Herbert is concerned and asks Miss Havisham if she will help Herbert financially without his knowing it.
Pip turns to Estella and admits that he has loved her ever since he first entered Satis House. She does not respond; she just keeps knitting. Pip goes on to tell her of his love and notices Miss Havisham’s look of pity for him. Estella answers Pip by saying, “I know what you mean as a form of words, but nothing more. You address nothing in my breast, you touch nothing there. I don’t care for what you say at all. I have tried to warn you of this, now, have I not?” Pip now knows for certain that he was not meant for Estella, but he cannot help warning her to beware of Drummle. To Pip’s great dismay, Estella confesses that she is...
(The entire section is 748 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 46 and 47 Summary and Analysis
Mrs. Whimple: the landlady to the Barleys
Bill Barley: Clara’s father
Mr. Campbell: the name that Provis has taken when he moves into Mrs. Whimple’s boarding house
Pip goes to Mill Pond Bank to locate the boarding house where Provis is now living. He is greeted at the door by Herbert and meets Clara for the first time. Clara’s father lives upstairs; because he is an invalid, he never comes down. Clara’s father gets her attention by banging on the floor and yelling. Pip decides not to tell Provis that Compeyson is in London. He only relates the plan that Wemmick has given him. Provis is to stay hidden for awhile, and Pip is not to come see him for fear of being followed. Pip also tells Provis that he must leave the country and that he will go with him.
Herbert comes up with the idea that since the boarding house is right on the river, they take up rowing again. They can go rowing every day so as not to arouse suspicion. Then, when the right time comes, they can row Provis out to sea to board a steamer. As they row past the boarding house Provis is to lower his shade if everything is all right. Pip’s entire being is consumed with the fear that he is being watched or followed. He goes to the theater one night where Mr. Wopsle is performing. Pip notices that Mr. Wopsle keeps looking at him from the stage. After the play ends, Pip and Mr. Wopsle...
(The entire section is 538 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 48 and 49 Summary and Analysis
Pip dines with Mr. Jaggers and Mr. Wemmick. As they dine, Mr. Jaggers tells Pip that Miss Havisham has sent a note requesting that Pip come see her concerning a little matter of business.
Mr. Jaggers brings up the fact that Estella is now married to Drummle and hints that Drummle may be beating her. Mr. Jaggers says, “A fellow like our friend the Spider, either beats, or cringes.”
Molly, Jaggers’ housekeeper, waits on the table and a movement of her fingers reminds Pip of the way Estella’s fingers looked as she sat knitting. Pip notices that “her hands were Estella’s hands, and her eyes were Estella’s eyes, and if she had reappeared a hundred times I could have been neither more sure nor less sure that my conviction was the truth.” Pip is certain that Molly is Estella’s mother.
As Pip and Wemmick walk home together, Pip asks Wemmick to relate Molly’s story. It seems that she was tried for murder, and Mr. Jaggers got her acquitted. Molly, a married woman with a three year old daughter, had murdered a woman who was much stronger than she in a fit of jealousy. As soon as she was acquitted, Molly went to work for Mr. Jaggers. She became a different person when she started working for Mr. Jaggers, quite tame compared to her previous wildness.
Feeling confident that Estella is Molly’s daughter, Pip goes to see Miss Havisham concerning their business arrangement. As Pip...
(The entire section is 1134 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 50 and 51 Summary and Analysis
Mike: a client of Mr. Jaggers
Gruffandgrim: name Herbert uses for Clara’s father
Herbert takes care of Pip, changing his bandages, and nursing him back to health. Herbert confides to Pip that he cannot marry Clara until her father passes away, because the father requires her constant care.
After two hours of talking, Provis tells Herbert about his marriage. It seems that his wife was a jealous woman and took revenge upon an older and stronger woman because of her interest in him (Provis). She murdered the stronger woman and Mr. Jaggers was her lawyer. On the night that she killed the other woman, she came to Provis and told him that she was going to destroy their child, a little girl. During the trial, Provis did not appear anywhere near the courts for fear that he would be pulled into the proceedings. The lawyer got his wife acquitted for the offense, and he never saw the child again. When Pip helped Provis, Pip was about the same age as his daughter would have been. Pip’s kindness touched his heart and reminded the convict of his lost child.
Pip recognizes the story and realizes that Provis is Estella’s father. The old convict has no idea that his child lives. Pip goes to Mr. Jaggers to confirm the story and the parentage of Estella. Mr. Jaggers does not want to confirm Pip’s hypothesis; however, he puts it to Pip in the form of a nameless...
(The entire section is 668 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 52 and 53 Summary and Analysis
With the money supplied by Miss Havisham, Pip takes the check from Mr. Jaggers and goes directly to Miss Skiffins’ brother, who in turn takes it to Clarriker. Then the transaction is finished. Clarriker tells Pip that a branch office is needed in the East, and Herbert, in his new partnership capacity, will be in charge of it. Pip says, “I had the great satisfaction of concluding that arrangement. It was the only good thing I had done, and the only completed thing I had done, since I was first apprised of my great expectations.”
On Monday Pip receives a letter from Wemmick stating that Wednesday would be the day to do what has been planned for Provis. After reading the letter, Pip is to burn it. Pip discusses the message with Herbert, and they decide that it would be better and safer to ask Startop to help them than to risk hiring a stranger. Pip and Herbert investigate the ships that will be leaving on Wednesday and decide on a steamer headed for Hamburg as the best choice. Because of Pip’s burns, he will steer and the other two young men will row. Provis will just sit and watch.
Upon Pip’s return from the shipyards, he discovers another letter. This one is dirty and unsigned. It states that Pip is to come tomorrow night at nine to the sluice house by the limekilm located in the marshes. The information that caught Pip’s attention was the part that read, “You had better come. If you want information...
(The entire section is 1026 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 54 and 55 Summary and Analysis
Jack: man at the public house where Pip, Provis, Startop, and Herbert stay the night before they try to board the steamer
The day has finally come when Pip will try to get Provis out of London to safety. Pip packs only what is necessary because his thoughts are not upon himself but on the welfare of Provis. There are two steamers leaving London on Thursday morning. It is decided that if they miss the first one, they will catch the second.
Pip, Startop, and Herbert begin rowing on Wednesday morning. As they row near Mill Pond Bank, Provis joins them in the boat. The little band of rescuers travel all day and into the night. As night approaches, they find an out-of-the-way public house where they stop for the night. Jack, a dirty and ill-dressed patron of the public house comments that he has seen a four-oared galley going up and down with the tide. This alerts Pip that someone may be following them. The next morning Provis and Pip walk to another area of the beach, and Herbert and Startop pick them up there. They row out to sea, spot the steamer, and begin to position their small boat so as to hail the larger vessel into stopping for the new passengers—Pip and Provis.
As the steamer approaches, the four-oared galley also approaches. There are two sitters in the galley, and one man is heavily wrapped up with his face hidden. The mysterious man points to Provis and...
(The entire section is 971 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 56 and 57 Summary and Analysis
Magwitch lies in prison with two broken ribs which have injured one of his lungs. He breathes with a great deal of pain. Pip sits with him at every opportunity he is given. Pip talks with him, reads to him, and tries to comfort him. “The kind of submission or resignation that he (Magwitch) showed was that of a man who was tired out.”
Magwitch’s trial comes, and he and 32 other men and women are sentenced together by the judge. They are judged guilty and sentenced to death. Pip begins to write petitions to anyone who might help Magwitch. Appeal after appeal is written and sent on Magwitch’s behalf. Pip has become obsessed with trying to find a way to save his benefactor from hanging.
For 10 days, Pip sits with his hand in Magwitch’s hand as the convict becomes weaker and weaker. Magwitch says, “You’ve never deserted me, dear boy.” Pip presses his hand and remembers that at one time he had wanted to desert him, but not now. Pip realizes that Magwitch is dying, leans down, and tells him that his daughter is alive, has powerful friends, is very beautiful, and that he (Pip) loves her. Magwitch lifts Pip’s hand to his lips, lets it gently sink down upon his breast, and passes away.
Pip returns to the Temple where he becomes extremely ill. He passes in and out of consciousness, but seems to remember someone’s coming to arrest him for lack of payment for a jeweler’s debt. He also thinks...
(The entire section is 956 words.)
Part 3, Chapter 58 and 59 Summary and Analysis
William: a waiter at the Blue Boar
Georgiana M’ria: Mrs. Joe’s given name
Squires: the landlord of the Blue Boar
Pip returns to his village and goes to the Blue Boar where he finds that the people treat him more coolly now that he has no fortunes. He takes a walk to Satis House and finds that it is being sold as old building material, the furniture to be auctioned off. When he returns to the Blue Boar, he encounters Mr. Pumblechook who instructs him to tell Joe that he (Pip) has seen his original benefactor. Pip is incredulous, telling Pumblechook that he does not see his benefactor here at all. Pumblechook calls everyone’s attention to Pip’s ingratitude and elevates himself by making it known that he would do “it” all again though Pip continues to prove ungrateful.
Pip goes to the school house hoping to see Biddy at her work, but the school is closed. He proceeds to the forge expecting to see the fires of the forge and Joe hard at work. The forge is also closed. As Pip draws nearer his childhood home, he sees Biddy and Joe standing outside the cottage. When they see Pip approaching, Biddy weeps and runs into Pip’s arms. Bursting with happiness at seeing Pip, Biddy tells him that she and Joe were married that day. Pip is glad that he did not disclose his plans concerning Biddy to Joe when he was ill in London.
Pip tells Joe...
(The entire section is 1128 words.)