Great Depression Timeline
- January 17, 1920
The Eighteenth Amendment, known as Prohibition, goes into effect, banning the sale and manufacture of all alcoholic beverages in the United States.
With every passing year, Prohibition is ignored more and more while the gangsters of organized crime become immensely wealthy from bootlegging illegal alcohol.
The value of stocks on the U.S. stock market begins a six-year upward climb.
"Amos 'n' Andy," a radio program, premieres and becomes the most popular radio show through the 1930s.
- November 1928
Republican Herbert Hoover is elected president of the United States. His policies would prove ineffective in fighting the Great Depression that struck in October 1929.
- October 24, 1929
Known as "Black Thursday," a record-breaking crash on the New York Stock Exchange begins several weeks of market panics. Many investors lose vast sums of money when the...
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Words to Know
A voluntary decision not to drink alcoholic beverages.
One who aggressively promotes a cause such as seeking change in certain social, economic, or political conditions in society.
To allow a loan to be repaid with stable monthly payments that include both principal and interest; amortizing mortgages allow buyers to gradually repay the principal balance until the loan is paid back in full.
The set value of a property as determined by the estimate of an authorized person.
Money authorized by Congress to an agency for a special purpose.
- atomic bomb:
A bomb whose explosive force comes from a nuclear splitting apart of atoms releasing a large amount of energy.
- attorney general:
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Research and Activity Ideas
The following ideas and projects might be used to supplement your classroom work on understanding the Great Depression and New Deal era in United States history:
Exploring the Internet: Many sites on the Internet facilitate understanding of life in the 1930s, New Deal programs, and the lives of Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt. The following list gives general sites and sites specific to a particular topic such as the history of Social Security. Explore the sites, select one, and report to the class what can be found at a particular website.
- http://newdeal.feri.org—The New Deal Network: The Great Depression, the 1930s, and the Roosevelt Administration. This site is sponsored by the Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute and the Institute for Learning Technologies and funded partly by the National Endowment for the Humanities. The New Deal Network offers students pathways to view documents and photographs of the 1930s; a calendar of month-to-month important events related to the 1930s; and many varied features such as a selection of letters
from young people written to Eleanor Roosevelt, the stories of New Deal agencies that brought electricity to rural areas of the United States, and dolls made by Works Progress Administration workers in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
- http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html—The Library of...
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Where to Learn More
Badger, Anthony J. The New Deal: The Depression Years, 1933–1940. New York: Hill and Wang, 1989.
Bowen, Ezra. The Fabulous Century: 1930–1940. New York: Time-Life Books, 1969.
Britton, Loretta, and Sarah Brash, eds. Hard Times: The 30s. Alexandria, VA: Time-Life Books, 1998.
Buhite, Russell D., and David W. Levy, eds. FDR's Fireside Chats. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1992.
Burns, James McGregor. Roosevelt: The Lion and the Fox. Norwalk, CT: Eaton Press, 1989.
Cochran, Thomas C. The Great Depression and World War II, 1929–1945. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, and Company, 1968.
Federal Writers Project. These Are Our Lives. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1939.
Horan, James D. The Desperate Years: A Pictorial History of the Thirties. New York: Bonanza Books, 1962.
Kennedy, David M. Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.
Leuchtenberg, William E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932–1940. New York: Harper & Row, 1963.
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