Biography (Magill's Survey of American Literature, Revised Edition)
Grace Paley was born in the Bronx, New York, on December 11, 1922. Her parents, Isaac and Manya (Ridnyk) Goodside, were Ukrainian-born Jews. As outspoken opponents of Russia’s Czar Nicholas II, they had been sentenced to exile—he to Siberia and she to Germany—before being released from imprisonment and emigrating to New York in 1905. Isaac learned English quickly and became a physician, and the Goodsides lived first on Manhattan’s Lower East Side and then in the East Bronx.
Listening to the stories of the old country and the struggles endured there, told in Russian and Yiddish as well as English, their daughter Grace inherited an interest in political issues, a progressive belief system, and a willingness to speak her mind. A good student, she graduated from high school at the age of fifteen. In 1938, she entered Hunter College in New York City, but she was expelled for poor attendance. She also enrolled at New York University but left without a degree. She loved and wrote poetry on her own, and in the early 1940’s studied with poet W. H. Auden at New York’s New School for Social Research.
In 1942, Grace Goodside married Jess Paley, a motion picture cameraman, with whom she had two children, Nora and Daniel. The Paleys lived in Greenwich Village in New York City, where the young mother did occasional office work and became involved in community activism, including Parent-Teacher Association demonstrations against civil defense and opposition to disruptive redevelopment of Washington Square Park.
Into the mid-1950’s, Paley continued writing poetry, mostly traditional and literary in style, but gradually recognizing the limits of the genre for expression of social and political concerns, she turned to prose. Her first collection of stories, The Little Disturbances of Man, appeared in 1959 to enthusiastic response. Following the book’s success, at the urging of friends and colleagues, Paley set out to write a novel; though never completed, sections of it appeared in The Noble Savage and New American Review.
In the early 1960’s, Paley began teaching courses in writing at Columbia and Syracuse Universities, and in 1966 she became a member of the faculty of Sarah Lawrence College, outside New York City, where she taught for eighteen years. Still living in Greenwich...
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Biography (Magill's Survey of American Literature, Revised Edition)
In proclaiming herself “a somewhat combative pacifist and cooperative anarchist,” Paley brings together the intelligence, awareness, empathy, and self-mockery that illuminate her writing. The saying goes, “actions speak louder than words,” and Paley’s decades of involvement in social and political issues fill the silences between the infrequent publication of her stories. On their own as well, the stories stand as a delightful, provocative, and moving vision of a segment of society, a collection of unique individuals striving to improve their lives and their world.
Biography (Critical Survey of Short Fiction, Second Revised Edition)
The daughter of Russian immigrants, Grace Paley was born and raised in New York City. Both her parents, Mary (Ridnyik) Goodside and Isaac Goodside, M.D., were political exiles in their early years and passed on their political concerns to their daughter. At home they spoke Russian and Yiddish as well as English, exposing their daughter to both old and new cultures. She studied in city schools and after graduation attended Hunter College in 1938 and later New York University. Paley, however, was not interested in formal academic study and dropped out of college. She had begun to write poetry and in the early 1940’s studied with W. H. Auden at the New School for Social Research. In 1942 she married Jess Paley, a motion-picture cameraman. The couple had two children and separated three years later, although they were not legally divorced for twenty years. In the 1940’s and 1950’s, Paley worked as a typist, while raising her children and continuing to write. At this time she began her lifelong political involvement by participating in New York City neighborhood action groups.
After many rejections, her first collection of eleven stories, The Little Disturbances of Man, was published in 1959. Even though the book was not widely reviewed, critics admired her work, and Paley’s teaching career flourished. In the early 1960’s, she taught at Columbia University and Syracuse University and also presented summer workshops. She also began writing a...
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Grace Paley began writing short stories in the mid-1950’s, in her thirties, after having two children. She was born to Russian Jewish immigrants and was educated at Hunter College and New York University. She studied poetry with the famous British poet W. H. Auden. In 1942, she married Jess Paley, a veteran, freelance photographer, and cameraman.
After the war, the couple moved to lower Manhattan, where Paley resided for many years. Her early interest in poetry and her ability as a storyteller and listener led her to write about her family experiences. Growing up as the Depression waned, Paley was optimistic, and her choice to marry and have children was made with the same liveliness and independence as was her decision to write. One of her first stories, “Goodbye and Good Luck,” shows boldness in protagonist Rosie Lieber’s decision to live with a lover and marry late in life, despite the disapproval of her family.
In the fifteen years after the publication of The Little Disturbances of Man, there was little separation between her identity as writer and her identities as mother, teacher at Sarah Lawrence College, and peace activist. Paley’s writings typically had a distinctive personal voice. Published in Enormous Changes at the Last Minute, the stories that flowed from her experiences as a mother, family member, New...
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Biography (Critical Survey of Poetry: American Poets)
Grace Paley was born Grace Goodside in the Bronx to Ukrainian-Jewish immigrants Isaac Goodside and Manya Ridnik Goodside, whose last name was originally Gutseit. She was the youngest of the three Goodside children. Her family played a large role in the political activism for which she became well known. In June, 1942, Grace Goodside married Jess Paley, a cinematic cameraman; they had two children, Nora, born in 1949, and Danny, born in 1951, but later divorced. She married Robert Nichols, the landscape architect and writer, in 1972.
Grace spent a large part of her life on political activism. As a devoted member of the War Resisters League, she opposed American participation in the Vietnam War and became an envoy with a peace mission to Hanoi to negotiate the release of prisoners of war. After campaigning against the United States government’s policies toward Nicaragua and El Salvador, she visited those countries in 1985. She was present at the World Peace Conference in 1974 and was arrested in December, 1978, as one of the White House Eleven, for unfurling an antinuclear banner on the White House Lawn. She was fined and given a suspended sentence.
Paley was seventeen years old in 1940 when she enrolled in W. H. Auden’s literature class at the New School, where she unconsciously started to write like a British gentleman. Once she became aware of this tendency, she stripped herself of pretentious language and began to write poetry in a spare style with a simple vocabulary; this style is also evident in her prose. She was thirty years old when she was recovering from an abortion and found time to write her first book of short stories, The Little Disturbances of Man, which captured the voice of ordinary people on the street and was widely acclaimed.
During the twenty-six years between the publication of her first book of fiction and her last, Paley wrote poetry, which ended up in odd nooks and drawers in her apartment. During the early 1980’s, Beatrix Gates, one of Paley’s students at Sarah Lawrence, encouraged Paley to gather her old poems and then helped her publish them. This resulted in Paley’s first book of published poems, Leaning Forward, which was largely ignored. Two additional collections of poems were published in her lifetime. Her last book of poetry, Fidelity, was published posthumously less than a year after her death from cancer in 2007.
Biography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Grace Paley (PAY-lee) is among the preeminent American writers of short fiction. She was born in New York City on December 11, 1922, the daughter of Russian immigrants Isaac Goodside (a physician) and Manya Ridnyik. With a mix of English, Russian, and Yiddish dominating her domestic conversation and the streets of the Bronx serving as her childhood playground, it is no surprise that Paley’s fiction is rich with ethnic accents and is urban to the core. She herself has said that “in the end, the greatest influence you have is the language of your childhood and the social life of that world.” Although her verbal gifts were evident when she was still a child and were encouraged by older siblings and other family members, Paley...
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