Critical Essays (Gothic Literature)
Chronology Of Key Events
• Suger of Saint Denis is born in Saint Denis, France.
▪ Abbot Suger of Saint Denis begins redesigning the Abbey Church of Saint-Denis in France.
• Abbot Suger of Saint Denis dies on 13 January in St. Denis, France.
▪ Construction of the current Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris in France.
▪ Construction of the current Canterbury Cathedral in England.
▪ Construction of the current Cathedral of Notre Dame at Chartres (also known as Chartres Cathedral) in France.
▪ Construction of the current Cathedral of Notre Dame de Rheims (also known as Rheims Cathedral) in France.
▪ Construction of the Cathedral of Amiens in France.
▪ Master Elias of Dereham begins designing the Salisbury Cathedral in England.
▪ Construction of the current Westminster Abbey in London, England.
▪ Andrea Pisano begins his bronze sculptures for the Baptisery in Florence, Italy.
▪ Hieronymus Bosch completes the painting Tabletop of the Seven Deadly Sins.
▪ William Shakespeare's Hamlet is staged.
▪ William Shakespeare's Macbeth is staged.
• Horace Walpole is born on 24 September in London, England.
▪ Daniel Defoe's An Essay on the History and Reality of Apparitions is published.
• Edmund Burke is born on 12 January in Dublin, Ireland.
• Clara Reeve is born on 23 January in Ipswich, Suffolk, England.
▪ Batty and Thomas Langley's Ancient Architecture Restored and Improved is published.
• Johann Wolfgang von Goethe is born on 28 August in Frankfurt, Germany.
• Sophia Lee is born in London, England.
▪ Horace Walpole and Richard Bentley begin designing Strawberry Hill, Walpole's residence in Twickenham, England.
▪ Tobias Smollett's The Adventures of Ferdinand Count Fathom is published.
• William Godwin is born on 3 March in Wisbeach, England.
• William Blake is born on 28 November in London, England.
▪ Edmund Burke's A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful is published.
• Johann Christoph Friedrich von Schiller is born on 10 November in Marbach, Germany.
• William Beckford is born on 29 September in London, England.
• James Boaden is born on 23 May at White Haven in Cumberland, England.
• Joanna Baillie is born on 11 September in Bothwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
• Ann Radcliffe is born on 9 July in London, England.
▪ Horace Walpole's The Castle of Otranto is published.
• James Hogg is born in Ettrick, Selkirkshire, Scotland.
• Charles Brockden Brown is born on 17 January in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
• Sir Walter Scott is born on 15 August in Edinburgh, Scotland.
• Samuel Taylor Coleridge is born on 21 October in Ottery St. Mary, Devonshire, England.
▪ John Aikin and Anna Laetitia (Aikin) Barbauld's Miscellaneous Pieces in Prose, by J. and A. L. Aikin is published.
• Matthew Gregory Lewis is born on 9 July in London, England.
• Jane Austen is born on 16 December in Steventon, Hampshire, England.
• Ernst Theodor Wilhelm (later E. T. A.) Hoffmann is born on 24 January in Königsberg, Germany.
▪ Clara Reeve's The Champion of Virtue. A Gothic Story is published.
▪ Clara Reeve's The Champion of Virtue is published as The Old English Baron.
• Washington Allston is born on 5 November in South Carolina.
• Charles Robert Maturin is born on 25 September in Dublin, Ireland.
▪ Henry Fuseli completes the painting The Nightmare.
• Washington Irving is born on 3 April in New York City.
▪ Sophia Lee's The Recess; or, A Tale of Other Times is published.
▪ The unauthorized translation of William Beckford's Vathek is published as An Arabian Tale.
• Lewis Nockalls Cottingham is born on 24 October at Laxfield, Suffolk, England.
▪ William Beckford's Vathek is published.
• George Gordon Noel, Lord Byron is born on 22 January in London, England.
▪ James Cobb's The Haunted Tower is produced.
▪ George Colman the Younger's The Battle of Hexham is produced.
▪ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust: Ein Fragment is published.
▪ Ann Radcliffe's A Sicilian Romance is published.
▪ Ann Radcliffe's The Romance of the Forest is published.
• Percy Bysshe Shelley is born on 4 August in Field Place, Sussex, England.
▪ Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman: with Strictures on Political and Moral Subjects is published.
▪ Mrs. Eliza Parsons's Castle of Wolfenbach; A German Story is published.
▪ James Boaden's Fontainville Forest is produced.
▪ J. C. Cross's The Apparition is produced.
▪ William Godwin's Things As They Are; or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams is published.
▪ Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho, A Romance; Interspersed with some pieces of Poetry is published.
▪ Henry Siddons's The Sicilian Romance; or, The Apparition of the Cliff is produced.
• John William Polidori is born on 7 September in England.
▪ Marquis von Grosse's Genius (Horrid Mysteries) is published.
▪ Matthew Gregory Lewis's The Monk: A Romance is published.
• Horace Walpole dies on 2 March in London, England.
• Edmund Burke dies on 9 July in Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, England.
• Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin (later Shelley) is born on 30 August in London, England.
▪ Matthew Gregory Lewis's The Castle Spectre: A Drama is produced.
▪ Regina Maria Roche's Children of the Abbey is published.
▪ The first volume of Joanna Baillie's A Series of Plays: In Which it is Attempted to Delineate the Stronger Passions of the Mind—Each Passion Being the Subject of a Tragedy and a Comedy is published.
▪ Charles Brockden Brown's Wieland; or, The Transformation is published.
▪ Charles Brockden Brown's Edgar Huntly; or, Memoirs of a Sleep-Walker and the first volume of Arthur Mervyn; or, Memoirs of the Year 1793 are published.
▪ Washington Allston completes the painting Tragic Figure in Chains.
▪ The second volume of Charles Brockden Brown's Arthur Mervyn; or, Memoirs of the Year 1793 is published.
▪ The second volume of Joanna Baillie's A Series of Plays: In Which it is Attempted to Delineate the Stronger Passions of the Mind—Each Passion Being the Subject of a Tragedy and a Comedy is published.
• Edward Bulwer-Lytton (Edward George Earle Lytton Bulwer) is born on 25 May in London, England.
• Thomas Lovell Beddoes is born on 30 June in Clifton, Shropshire, England.
• Alexander Jackson Davis is born on 24 July in New York City.
• Nathaniel Hawthorne is born on 4 July in Salem, Massachusetts.
• William Harrison Ainsworth is born on 4 February in Manchester, England.
• Friedrich von Schiller dies on 9 May in Weimar, Germany.
▪ Charlotte Dacre's Zofloya; or, The Moor is published.
• Clara Reeve dies on 3 December in Ipswich, Suffolk, England.
▪ Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust—Der Tragödie erster Teil (Faust: Part One) is published.
• Edgar Allan Poe is born on 19 January in Boston, Massachusetts.
• Charles Brockden Brown dies on 22 February in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
▪ Percy Bysshe Shelley's Zastrozzi, A Romance is published.
▪ Percy Bysshe Shelley's St. Irvyne; or, The Rosicrucian: A Romance is published.
• Charles Dickens is born on 7 February in Portsmouth, Hampshire, England.
▪ The third volume of Joanna Baillie's A Series of Plays: In Which it is Attempted to Delineate the Stronger Passions of the Mind—Each Passion Being the Subject of a Tragedy and a Comedy is published.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage: A Romaunt is published.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's The Giaour: A Fragment of a Turkish Tale is published.
• Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu is born on 28 August in Dublin, Ireland.
▪ Sir Walter Scott's Waverly; or, 'Tis Sixty Years Since is published.
• Charlotte Brontë is born on 21 April in Thornton, Yorkshire, England.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's Childe Harold's Pilgrimage: Canto the Third is published.
▪ Samuel Taylor Coleridge's Christabel: Kubla Khan, a Vision; The Pains of Sleep is published.
▪ Jane Scott's The Old Oak Chest is produced.
• Jane Austen dies on 18 July in Winchester, Hampshire, England.
▪ Washington Allston begins the painting Belshazzar's Feast.
▪ George Gordon, Lord Byron's Manfred, A Dramatic Poem is published.
▪ E. T. A. Hoffmann's "Der Sandmann" ("The Sandman") is published.
• Matthew Gregory Lewis dies on 16 May during a voyage across the Atlantic Ocean from Jamaica to England.
• Emily Brontë is born on 30 July in Thornton, Yorkshire, England.
▪ Jane Austen's Northanger Abbey and Persuasion is published.
▪ Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley's Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is published.
• Herman Melville is born on 1 August in New York City.
▪ Percy Bysshe Shelley's The Cenci is produced.
▪ Washington Irving's The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent. is published.
▪ John William Polidori's The Vampyre; a Tale is published.
▪ John Keats's Lamia, Isabella, The Eve of St. Agnes, and Other Poems is published.
▪ Charles Robert Maturin's Melmoth the Wanderer is published.
• John William Polidori commits suicide on 27 August in London, England.
▪ Thomas De Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium Eater is published.
• E. T. A. Hoffmann dies on 25 June in Berlin, Germany.
• Percy Bysshe Shelley drowns on 8 July in the Gulf of Spezia near Lerici, Italy.
• Ann Radcliffe dies on 7 February in England.
▪ Richard Brinsley Peake's Presumption; or, The Fate of Frankenstein is produced.
▪ William Wilkie Collins is born on 8 January in London, England.
• Sophia Lee dies on 13 March in Clifton, England.
• Lord Byron dies on 19 April in Cephalonia, Greece.
• Charles Robert Maturin dies on 30 October in Dublin, Ireland.
▪ Catherine Gore's The Bond, a Dramatic Poem is produced.
▪ James Hogg's The Private Memoirs and Confessions of a Justified Sinner is published.
▪ Washington Irving's Tales of a Traveller is published.
▪ James Fenimore Cooper's Lionel Lincoln; or, The Leaguer of Boston is published.
▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Glenallan is published.
• William Blake dies on 12 August in London, England.
▪ Thomas Moore's The Epicurean. A Tale is published.
• Christina Rossetti is born on 5 December in London, England.
• Johann Wolfgang von Goethe dies on 22 March.
• Sir Walter Scott dies on 21 September in Abbotsford, Scotland.
▪ Architect Alexander Jackson Davis completes Glen Ellen, the Baltimore, Maryland residence of Robert Gilmor III.
• Samuel Taylor Coleridge dies on 25 July in England.
• James Hogg dies on 21 November in Scotland.
• William Godwin dies on 7 April in London, England.
▪ Thomas Cole completes the painting Ruined Tower.
▪ Charles Dickens's Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club is published under the pseudonym Boz.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's Twice Told Tales is published.
▪ Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist is published.
▪ Edgar Allan Poe's The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym is published.
• James Boaden dies on 16 February in England.
▪ Edgar Allan Poe's Tales of the Grotesque and Arabesque is published.
▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Zanoni is published.
• Ambrose Bierce is born on 24 June in Horse Cave Creek, Meigs County, Ohio.
• Henry James is born on 15 April in New York City.
• Washington Allston dies on 9 July in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
▪ A. W. N. Pugin's Apology for the Revival of Christian Architecture in England is published.
• William Beckford dies on 2 May in England.
▪ Frederick Douglass's Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave is published.
▪ Edgar Allan Poe's Tales by Edgar A. Poe and The Raven and Other Poems are published.
▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's Lucretia; or, The Children of Night is published.
▪ Fyodor Dostoevsky's Dvoinik: Prikliucheniia gospodina Goliadkina (The Double: A Poem of St. Petersburg) is published.
• L. N. Cottingham dies on 13 October in London, England.
• Bram Stoker is born on 8 November in Clontarf, Ireland.
▪ Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre. An Autobiography is published under the pseudonym Currer Bell.
▪ Emily Brontë's Wuthering Heights is published under the pseudonym Ellis Bell.
▪ Varney the Vampire; or, The Feast of Blood, written by either Thomas Peckett Prest or James Malcolm Rymer, is published.
• Emily Brontë dies on 19 December in Haworth, Yorkshire, England.
▪ Charles Dickens's The Haunted Man, and The Ghost's Bargain is published.
• Thomas Lovell Beddoes commits suicide on 26 January in Basel, Switzerland.
• Edgar Allan Poe dies on 7 October in Baltimore, Maryland.
• Robert Louis Stevenson is born on 13 November in Edinburgh, Scotland.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter: A Romance is published.
• Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley dies on 1 February in Bournemouth, England.
• Joanna Baillie dies on 23 February in Hampstead, England.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's The House of the Seven Gables, a Romance is published.
▪ Herman Melville's Moby-Dick; or, The Whale is published.
▪ Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin; or, Life among the Lowly is published.
▪ Charlotte Brontë's Villette is published under the pseudonym Currer Bell.
▪ Charles Dickens's Bleak House is published.
• Oscar Wilde is born on 16 October in Dublin, Ireland.
• Charlotte Brontë dies on 31 March in Haworth, Yorkshire, England.
• Sigismund Solomon Freud (later Sigmund Freud) is born on 6 May in Freiberg, Moravia, Czechoslovakia.
▪ Herman Melville's The Piazza Tales is published.
▪ Wilkie Collins's The Dead Secret is published.
▪ Charles Dickens's Little Dorrit is published.
▪ G. W. M. Reynolds's Wagner the Wehr-wolf is published.
• Washington Irving dies on 28 November in Irvington, New York.
• Charlotte Perkins Gilman is born on 3 July in Hartford, Connecticut.
▪ Wilkie Collins's The Woman in White is published.
▪ Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Marble Faun; or, The Romance of Monte Beni is published.
▪ Harriet Jacobs's Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself is published under the pseudonym Linda Brent.
• Edith Wharton is born on 24 January in New York City.
▪ Edward Bulwer-Lytton's A Strange Story is published.
• Nathaniel Hawthorne dies on 19 May in Plymouth, New Hampshire.
▪ Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's Uncle Silas: A Tale of Bartram-Haugh is published.
• Charles Dickens dies on 9 June in Rochester, Kent, England.
▪ Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu's In a Glass Darkly is published.
• Edward Bulwer-Lytton dies on 18 January in Torquay, Devonshire, England.
• Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu dies on 10 February in Dublin, Ireland.
• William Harrison Ainsworth dies on 3 January.
• Bela Lugosi is born Béla Ferenc Dezsö Blask¢ on 20 October in Lugos, Hungary.
• Karen Christentze Dinesen, who later wrote under the pseudonym Isak Dinesen, is born on 17 April near Copenhagen, Denmark.
▪ Guy de Maupassant's "La Horla" ("The Horla") is published Le Gil Blas.
▪ Robert Louis Stevenson's The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde is published.
• William Henry Pratt (later Boris Karloff) is born on 23 November in London, England.
• Friedrich Wilhelm Plumpe (later F. W. Murnau) is born on 28 December in Bielefeld, Westphalia, Germany.
▪ Wilkie Collins dies on 23 September in London, England.
• Howard Phillips Lovecraft is born on 20 August in Providence, Rhode Island.
▪ Oscar Wilde's The Picture of Dorian Gray is published.
• Herman Melville dies on 28 September in New York City.
▪ Oscar Wilde's Lord Arthur Savile's Crime, and Other Stories is published.
• Alexander Jackson Davis dies on 14 January in West Orange, New Jersey.
▪ Charlotte Perkins Gilman's "The Yellow Wallpaper" is published.
• Robert Louis Stevenson dies on 3 December in Apia, Samoa.
• Christina Rossetti dies on 29 December in London, England.
▪ Arthur Machen's The Great God Pan and The Inmost Light is published.
▪ H. G. Wells's The Island of Doctor Moreau: A Possibility is published.
• William Faulkner is born on 25 September in New Albany, Mississippi.
▪ Bram Stoker's Dracula is published.
▪ Henry James's The Two Magics: The Turn of the Screw, Covering End is published.
• Elizabeth Bowen is born on 7 June in Dublin, Ireland.
• Alfred Hitchcock is born on 13 August in London, England.
• Oscar Wilde dies on 30 November in Paris, France.
▪ Arthur Machen's "The Garden of Avallaunius" is published.
▪ Algernon Blackwood's The Empty House and Other Ghosts is published.
• Daphne du Maurier is born on 12 May in London, England.
▪ George Sylvester Viereck's The House of the Vampire is published.
▪ Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, produced by the Selig Polyscope Company, is released.
▪ Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, produced by the Nordisk Company, is released.
▪ Gaston Leroux's Le Fantôme de L'Opéra (The Phantom of the Opera) is published.
▪ Frankenstein, directed by J. Searle Dawley, is released.
▪ Edith Wharton's Ethan Frome is published.
• Bram Stoker dies on 20 April in London, England.
• Ambrose Bierce disappears c. 1 January in Mexico and is presumed dead.
• Henry James dies on 28 February in London, England.
• Shirley Jackson is born on 14 December in San Francisco, California.
▪ Sigmund Freud's "Das Unheimlich" ("The Uncanny") is published.
• Ray Bradbury is born on 22 August in Waukegan, Illinois.
▪ Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam (The Golem: How He Came into the World, directed by Carl Boese and Paul Wegener, is released.
▪ Das Kabinett des Doktor Caligari (The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari), directed by Robert Wiene, is released.
▪ Nosferatu, eine Symphonie des Grauens, directed by F. W. Murnau, is released.
▪ Das Wachsfigurenkabinett (Waxworks), directed by Paul Leni and Leo Birinsky, is released.
• Edward Gorey is born on 22 February in Chicago, Illinois.
• (Mary) Flannery O'Connor is born on 25 March in Savannah, Georgia.
▪ Algernon Blackwood's The Dance of Death, and Other Tales is published.
• Ursula K. Le Guin is born on 21 October in Berkeley, California.
▪ William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and "A Rose for Emily" are published.
• Chloe Ardelia Wofford (later Toni Morrison) is born on 18 February in Lorain, Ohio.
• F. W. Murnau dies on 11 March in Santa Barbara, California.
▪ Dracula, directed by Tod Browning and starring Bela Lugosi in the title role, is released.
▪ Frankenstein, directed by James Whale and starring Boris Karloff as the monster, is released.
▪ M, directed by Fritz Lang, is released.
▪ William Faulkner's Sanctuary is published.
▪ Murders in the Rue Morgue, directed by Robert Florey, is released.
▪ White Zombie, directed by Victor Halperin, is released.
▪ William Faulkner's Light in August is published.
▪ King Kong, directed by Merian C. Cooper, is released.
▪ The Invisible Man, directed by James Whale, is released.
▪ Island of Lost Souls, directed by Erle C. Kenton, is released.
▪ Isak Dinesen's Seven Gothic Tales is published.
• Charlotte Perkins Gilman commits suicide on 17 August in Pasadena, California.
▪ Bride of Frankenstein, directed by James Whale, is released.
▪ Walter de la Mare's Ghost Stories is published.
▪ William Faulkner's Absalom, Absalom! is published.
▪ H. P. Lovecraft's "At the Mountains of Madness" is published.
• H. P. Lovecraft dies on 15 March in Providence, Rhode Island.
• Edith Wharton dies on 11 August in St. Bricesous-Foret, France.
▪ Edith Wharton's Ghosts is published.
• Joyce Carol Oates is born on 16 June in Lockport, New York.
▪ Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca is published.
• Sigmund Freud dies on 23 September in London, England.
• Margaret Atwood is born on 18 November in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.
▪ Son of Frankenstein, directed by Rowland V. Lee, is released.
• Angela Carter is born on 7 May in London, England.
▪ Rebecca, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is released.
• Howard Allen O'Brien (later Anne Rice) is born on 4 October in New Orleans, Louisiana.
▪ I Walked with a Zombie, The Leopard Man, and The Seventh Victim, all produced by Val Lewton, are released.
▪ The Body Snatcher, directed by Robert Wise, is released.
▪ Elizabeth Bowen's The Demon Lover, and Other Stories is published.
▪ H. P. Lovecraft's Supernatural Horror in Literature is published.
• Stephen King is born on 21 September in Portland, Maine.
▪ Shirley Jackson's The Lottery; or, The Adventures of James Harris is published.
• Clive Barker is born on 5 October in Liverpool, England.
▪ Flannery O'Connor's A Good Man Is Hard to Find is published.
• Bela Lugosi dies on 16 August in Los Angeles, California.
▪ Invasion of the Body Snatchers, directed by Don Siegel, is released.
▪ The Curse of Frankenstein, directed by Terence Fisher, is released.
▪ Shirley Jackson's The Haunting of Hill House is published.
▪ The Mummy, directed by Terence Fisher, is released.
▪ The Twilight Zone is first televised.
▪ The Fall of the House of Usher, directed by Roger Corman, is released.
▪ Psycho, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is released.
• William Faulkner dies on 6 July in Byhalia, Mississippi.
• Isak Dinesen dies on 7 September in Rungsted, Denmark.
▪ Sylvia Plath's The Bell Jar is published.
▪ The Birds, directed by Alfred Hitchcock, is released.
▪ The Haunting, directed by Robert Wise, is released.
• Flannery O'Connor dies on 3 August in Milledgeville, Georgia.
▪ The Addams Family is first televised.
▪ The Munsters is first televised.
• Shirley Jackson dies on 8 August in North Bennington, Vermont.
▪ Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention's Freak Out! is released.
▪ Margaret Atwood's The Animals in That Country is published.
▪ Night of the Living Dead, directed by George A. Romero, is released.
▪ Rosemary's Baby, directed by Roman Polanski, is released.
• Boris Karloff dies on 2 February at Midhurst in Sussex, England.
▪ Led Zeppelin's first two self-titled albums are released.
▪ Black Sabbath's self-titled debut album is released.
▪ Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye is published.
▪ Night Gallery is first televised.
▪ Richard Matheson's Hell House is published.
▪ Alice Cooper's Killer is released.
▪ Black Sabbath's Paranoid is released.
▪ Margaret Atwood's Surfacing is published.
▪ Angela Carter's The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffman is published.
▪ Alice Cooper's School's Out is released.
• Elizabeth Bowen dies on 22 February in London, England.
▪ The Exorcist, directed by William Friedkin, is released.
▪ Angela Carter's Fireworks: Nine Profane Pieces is published.
▪ The Texas Chainsaw Massacre, directed by Tobe Hooper, is released.
▪ Young Frankenstein, directed by Mel Brooks, is released.
▪ Stephen King's 'Salem's Lot is published.
▪ They Came from Within, directed by David Cronenberg, is released.
▪ Margaret Atwood's Lady Oracle is published.
▪ Carrie, directed by Brian De Palma, is released.
▪ The Omen, directed by Richard Donner, is released.
▪ Anne Rice's Interview with the Vampire is published.
▪ Stephen King's The Shining is published.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Night Side: Eighteen Tales is published.
▪ Dawn of the Dead, directed by George A. Romero, is released.
▪ Bauhaus's 12-inch single "Bela Lugosi's Dead" is released.
▪ Angela Carter's The Bloody Chamber and Other Stories is published.
▪ Joy Division's Unknown Pleasures is released.
▪ 'Salem's Lot, directed by Tobe Hooper, is televised.
• Alfred Hitchcock dies on 29 April in Los Angeles, California.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Bellefleur is published.
▪ The Shining, directed by Stanley Kubrick, is released.
▪ Stephen King's Danse Macabre is published.
▪ Siouxsie and the Banshees's Juju is released.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's A Bloodsmoor Romance is published.
▪ Stephen King's Pet Sematary is published.
▪ New Order's Power, Corruption, and Lies is released.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Mysteries of Winterthurn is published.
▪ Clive Barker's The Hellbound Heart is published.
▪ Siouxsie and the Banshees's Tinderbox is released.
▪ Andrew Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera is produced.
▪ Toni Morrison's Beloved is published.
▪ The Smiths's Louder than Bombs is released.
▪ Toni Morrison is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for Beloved.
• Daphne du Maurier dies on 19 April in Cornwall, England.
▪ Pet Sematary, directed by Mary Lambert, is released.
▪ Twin Peaks is first televised.
• Angela Carter dies on 16 February in London, England.
▪ Bram Stoker's Dracula, directed by Francis Ford Coppola, is released.
▪ Margaret Atwood's The Robber Bride is published.
▪ Joyce Carol Oates's Haunted: Tales of the Grotesque is published.
▪ Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, directed by Kenneth Branagh, is released.
▪ Margaret Atwood's Alias Grace is published.
• Edward Gorey dies on 15 April in Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
▪ Margaret Atwood's The Blind Assassin is published.