Georges Pompidou (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Of the eighteen years during which Gaullism was in power in France, Pompidou was premier from 1962 to 1968 and president from 1969 to 1974. Gaullism stabilized France, renewed its pride, and restored its stature in the world.
Born of peasant stock in the small village of Montboudif, Georges Pompidou spent much of his early life in nearby Albi, where his mother’s family were linen cloth merchants. His father, Léon, and his mother, née Marie-Louise Chavagnac, were both schoolteachers. Molded by the parish church, the communal school, and his parents’s wish that he succeed as an educator, Pompidou studied at Lycée d’Albi, Lycée de Toulouse, and Lycée Louis-le-Grand at Paris, emphasizing French literature, Greek, Latin, and history. Having performed brilliantly, he then went to the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He received his agrégé des lettres in 1934, the diplôme of the Institute of Political Studies in 1934, and the breveté of the Centre des Hautes Études Administratives in 1947.
After obligatory military service, Pompidou was named professor of French, Latin, and Greek at Lycée Saint-Charles in Marseilles in 1935 and then married Claude Cahour, the daughter of a physician. In 1938, he was invited to teach at Lycée Henry IV in Paris. The Pompidous began a social pattern that continued when he was a banker. They frequented art...
(The entire section is 1975 words.)
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