Study Guide

George Ryga

George Ryga Biography

Biography (Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

George Ryga grew up in what he has referred to as “the internal third-world of Canada”—the rugged, depression-ridden prairie land of Northern Alberta. He was born in Deep Creek on July 27, 1932, the first child of George Ryga and Maria Kolodka, new immigrants from Ukraine. Though formally educated in a one-room schoolhouse, and only up to the eighth grade, Ryga read widely as a child while nurturing himself on the songs, myths, and folktales of his heritage. Ryga’s Ukrainian background, the severe poverty in which he was reared, and the dominating reality of the northern landscape were all of enduring significance to his development as an artist. Of the land and language with which he grew up, Ryga commented:The language took the form of the land—uncompromising, hard, defiant—for three seasons of the year the long months of winter isolation made the desire for human contact a constant ache.

Having grown up beside a Cree reservation, Ryga soon discovered another kind of poverty from the one that he knew: the social and spiritual degradation of the indigenous community, alongside of whom Ryga would work as a laborer on his father’s farm.

Ryga drew heavily from this experience in writing his first play, Indian, a play that Ryga described as a “milestone” in his development as a playwright. (The play was broadcast as part of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation’s Quest television series in November, 1962.) In an interview, Ryga discussed his experience:You know I grew up on the outskirts of a Cree reservation. The demoralization and degradation was about as total as any society can experience anywhere in the world. These people had been worked over by the Church; they had been worked over by the Hudson’s Bay Co.; there was nothing left. There was no language left anymore. Even their heroes they picked up on from the dominant culture, like a chocolate-bar wrapper dropped in the street that’s picked up as a piece of art and taken home and nailed on the wall.

Ryga’s keen awareness of social injustice continued to develop throughout his teens and early twenties, a period of casual labor, artistic exploration, and deepening political commitment. The early to mid-1950’s in particular saw Ryga performing political gestures of various kinds: In 1952, he wrote a controversial antiwar script for the Edmonton radio show Reverie; in 1953, he demonstrated in response to the Julius...

(The entire section is 1004 words.)

George Ryga Biography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

George Ryga (REE-gah), the son of immigrants, grew up in a Ukrainian farm community in Alberta, Canada. His formal education began and ended in the one-room schoolhouse of Deep Creek. As an adolescent, he joined the laboring gangs that worked on roads and bridges, and he pursued a high-school education by correspondence. At eighteen, he landed a job as a radio producer, an opportunity that allowed his writing talent to blossom and his distinctive voice to develop. It was a voice that would mark his life with controversy, for it lashed out unsparingly against social and political structures that oppressed and exploited the weak and the downtrodden.

The radio station fired him for his political views, and Ryga traveled to Scotland to study another poet of dissent, Robert Burns. For a number of years, he worked at odd jobs while writing poetry, short stories, and novels.

In 1962, he wrote his first play, Indian, broadcast on television later that year and frequently anthologized since. It packed a powerful punch as it dramatized the dehumanization of the Indian by heartless employers and government officials. The Ecstasy of Rita Joe followed in 1967. Linked to Indian in subject matter and theme, The Ecstasy of Rita Joe was based on an actual murder of an Indian girl in Vancouver and staged as a trial, with the audience as jury. The sympathy for Rita builds to a powerful climax as she suffers indignities and finally destruction at the hands of whites. Widely acknowledged as Ryga’s best work,...

(The entire section is 635 words.)