For Further Discussion
1. Henry I. Miller and Gregory Conko argue that biotech companies use genetic engineering to help cure diseases and feed the hungry. Ronnie Cummins argues that biotech companies will use genetic engineering to dominate global markets without concern for public safety. These authors have distinctly different views about the motives of biotech companies. Which view, in your opinion, is supported by more convincing evidence? Explain.
2. Jeremy Rifkin opposes human cloning because it takes reproduction out of the hands of individuals and places it in the hands of the corporate elite. James A. Byrne and John B. Gurdon argue, however, that barring human cloning would result in a diminution of individuals’ reproductive choices. Citing evidence from the viewpoints, explain whose position you find more persuasive.
3. Judith Levine distinguishes the choice to terminate a pregnancy from the choice to select a child’s genetic traits. George Dvorsky disputes that distinction, arguing that genetic selection is no different from the choices women already make to optimize the health of their children, including the termination of a fetus shown during prenatal screening to have a genetic disease. Do you think there is a distinction between terminating a pregnancy and genetic selection? Explain, citing from the viewpoints.
4. Robert P. Lanza, Betsy L. Dresser, and Philip Damiani are optimistic that cloning will become an...
(The entire section is 945 words.)
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