Gash Civilization Thrives in Africa (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: The location of the Gash civilization, at a delta and the crossroads of several cultural zones, made the area an important center of trade.
Summary of Event
The Gash civilization was established east of the confluence of the Atbara and Nile Rivers. It emerged from a coalescence of populations using the land in the greater Butana Delta. The people of Gash were a combination of hunting-gathering populations and peoples from at least one of the Nubian chiefdoms that emerged adjacent to the important land routes to the Red Sea. Located at the crossroads of several cultural zones, the Gash society was able to exploit trade opportunities between the river delta lands and the plains west of the Red Sea.
Although the Gash civilization coincided with the Egyptian empires and Kerma’s political occupation and control of Upper Nubia in the one thousand years between 2500 and 1500 b.c.e., the Gash political empire can be divided into four distinct periods, each lasting several hundred years. The first period was the early Gash civilization, 2700-2300 b.c.e. The middle Gash civilization, from 2300 to 1900 b.c.e., roughly corresponds to the First Intermediate Period (c. 2160-c. 2055) in Egyptian historiography. The third period, the late Gash civilization, lasted from about 1700 to 1400 b.c.e. After 1400, Gash continued to exist as a distinct culture but was increasingly politically dependent on the...
(The entire section is 1179 words.)
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