Garnet Joseph, First Viscount Wolseley (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: As field marshal with worldwide experience, Wolseley was central to the modernization and reformation of the British army.
The son of a major, First Viscount Garnet Joseph Wolseley joined the British army as a second lieutenant (1852). In Burma (1852-1853), the Crimea (1854-1855), and India (1857-1858), his superiors soon noticed his bravery, resourcefulness, and skill. He lost an eye at the Siege of Sevastopol (1854-1855) and served with distinction at Lucknow (1857). He was staff colonel for General Sir James Hope Grant in China (1860).
Wolseley suppressed the first Riel Rebellion led by Louis Riel in Manitoba, Canada (1869-1870), and the Ashanti uprising in West Africa (1873). After the British disaster at Isandhlwana (1879), he was placed in command of all British forces in South Africa and crushed the Zulu at Ulundi a few months later. He was created baron for defeating Egyptian nationalists under Arabi Pasha at Tall al Kabīr (1882). Even though he arrived too late to rescue Charles George Gordon at Khartoum (1884-1885), he was created viscount for his effort. He was promoted to field marshal (1894) and served as commander in chief of the British army (1895-1901).
He was lionized on the home front. W. S. Gilbert satirized him as “the very model of a modern major general” in The Pirates of Penzance.
(The entire section is 279 words.)
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