Gandhi Leads the Salt March (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Gandhi organized the Salt March in 1930 to protest British actions in India and to start a mass campaign of noncooperation.
Summary of Event
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was released from prison in 1924, having been incarcerated for nearly two years for his part in the illegal activities of the non-cooperation movement, which he started in 1920 in a successful attempt to arouse opposition to British rule. Gandhi (known as Mahatma, or “Great Soul”) retired from politics upon his release and returned to his ashram (commune) to devote himself to spinning khadi (homespun cloth) and to fostering Hindu-Muslim unity, prohibition, and the moral and economic uplift of village life. As a result, politics entered a lull and the Indian nationalist movement, which had gathered strength during the last part of the nineteenth century and become strong during the twentieth century, was left without an active national leader. Nevertheless, all members of the Indian National Congress, the most important political party in India, knew that Gandhi was the most widely accepted leader in the country. Even during his period of retirement, political leaders constantly kept in touch with him, and a voluminous correspondence was exchanged. Party officials urged him to return to active politics and again to lead the nationalist movement. The Congress organization was passing into the leadership of a new...
(The entire section is 2457 words.)
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