Gandhi Leads a Noncooperation Movement (Great Events from History II: Human Rights Series)
Article abstract: Gandhi organized the noncooperation movement in India in 1920 to transform the freedom movement from an elitist to a mass-based one and to actively and vigorously oppose British rule.
Summary of Event
Many Indians supported the British during World War I. These included Mohandas Kamarchand (Mahatma) Gandhi, who organized an ambulance brigade and recruited soldiers for the Indian Army. There were also many Indians, again including Gandhi, who believed that they could work with the British toward the granting of independence for India, which the British had promised in 1917 as a reward for Indian support during World War I. This feeling of goodwill on the part of Indians turned to distrust and outright hostility and opposition during the years 1918 to 1920. One reason was a 1919 massacre of Indian protesters in Amritsar. The British had passed new regulations which restricted Indian freedom, replacing strict laws passed during World War I that had expired. The Indians were protesting these new laws. Another source of hostility was the dismembering of the Ottoman Empire by the British and their allies, which upset India’s Muslims (the Khilafat movement). A third was a series of new laws enacted just after the end of the war which reduced some of the civil liberties which the Indians had come to expect. Thus, on one hand, the British were making liberal constitutional changes, as in the...
(The entire section is 2358 words.)
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