Ganado Mucho (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Ganado Mucho was a Navajo leader during the tribe's difficult transition to reservation life.
Ganado Mucho, which means “many cattle,” was born into the Tótsohnii (Big Water) Clan of the Navajo, or Diné (“the people”). His father was a Hopi captured by the Navajos. A successful cattle grower and sheepman all his adult life, he worked with other Navajo headmen such as Manuelito to keep the peace with whites. He cooperated with U.S. Indian agents to return livestock stolen from New Mexicans. In February, 1861, he attended a council with Colonel Edward R. S. Canby to sign a treaty of peace along with other Navajo headmen. Unfortunately, the outbreak of the Civil War forced the abandonment of Fort Defiance and ended any chance for the treaty's success.
Soon it became impossible to meet the peacekeeping demands of the U.S. government while at the same time protecting his people from raids initiated by other Indians and Mexicans. Kit Carson's scorched-earth campaign was the final straw, and Ganado Mucho moved his people near the Grand Canyon. Eventually, he was forced to surrender to avoid starvation. On the journey to the government's desolate resettlement camp at Fort Sumner (Bosque Redondo), Mexicans kidnapped two of Ganado's daughters. After he arrived there in July of 1866, his son was killed by Comanche raiders. Ganado escaped the following year, but hunger again forced his return.
(The entire section is 378 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!