Gamal Abdel Nasser (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Nasser was a member of the Free Officers Society that came to power in Egypt in 1952 via a military coup. Subsequently Prime Minister and President of Egypt, Nasser was a major player in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
Gamal Abdel Nasser’s father, Abdel Nasser Hussein, was born of a fairly well-to-do family from the village of Beni Murr near Assyut, was educated in a Western primary school in Assyut, and eventually became district postmaster in Alexandria. Little is known about Nasser’s mother except that she was the daughter of a local contractor and died young. Nasser was the first of four sons, born in Alexandria. His father remarried, and consequently Gamal was reared for a good part of his life by an uncle in Beni Murr. He attended nine different schools, most in Cairo, spent a term at the University of Cairo (1936) in the law curriculum and then was accepted into the military academy after a first-time rejection. He was graduated at age twenty. During his high school years, he took part in many demonstrations and was wounded by a bullet at age seventeen. He was also known to like American motion pictures. Politically, he was an admirer of Napoleon I and Kemal Atatürk and possessed an extreme dislike of the British army, whose presence in Egypt he never accepted. He married a woman who was from a Persian-Egyptian family.
The students at the military academy during the...
(The entire section is 2846 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!
Gamal Abdel Nasser (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: Military significance: Nasser managed to convert the Suez War from a military loss into a major political and personal triumph.
Born to Abdel Nasser Hussein, a postal clerk, and Fahima Hammad, young Gamal Abdel Nasser became familiar with both the privileged class on their large landed estates and the peasantry. As a student, Nasser was caught up in the political fervor of Egypt for the Egyptians and opposed British control of the country.
After a short stint in law school, Nasser enrolled in Cairo’s Military Academy, motivated by his patriotism, economic need, and status improvement possibilities. Thanks to the accelerated program there, Nasser was commissioned in seventeen months in 1938 rather than the traditional three years.
Second Lieutenant Nasser’s initial assignment was to Mankabad, Upper Egypt. One of his close companions there was Anwar el-Sadat, who succeeded Nasser to the presidency in 1970. On Nasser’s transfer to the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, he joined another friend from the Military Academy, Abdel Hakim Amer, later the discredited Egyptian commander in chief.
Early in 1943, Captain Nasser became an instructor at the Cairo Military Academy, where he met other young men who were angered by Egypt’s subservient role to its...
(The entire section is 673 words.)