Gall (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Gall was a noted warrior and military tactician in the wars for the Bozeman Trail and the Black Hills; he was the principal Indian military strategist at the Little Bighorn.
Gall was born about 1840 along the Moreau River in Dakota Territory. His father died when Gall was a young boy, and he was reared by his widowed mother and relatives. Sitting Bull took him as a younger brother, and for many years these two were close allies. He was most commonly called Pizi. According to family legend, as a child he tried to eat the gall of an animal. He was also known as Red Walker because as a child his father once dressed him entirely in vermillion clothing. Gall was also known as Man Who Goes in the Middle, and although the origin of this name is unclear, it probably refers to a battle exploit.
Gall rose to prominence during the 1860's and 1870's as a noted leader in the wars for the Bozeman Trail and the Black Hills. These battles were fought in present-day Montana, Wyoming, and South Dakota. He allied closely with Sitting Bull and was committed to resisting government attempts to confine the Lakota people to the Great Sioux Reservation after the 1868 Treaty of Fort Laramie.
Gall's greatest fame came from his participation in the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25,...
(The entire section is 591 words.)
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