G.I. Bill (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: Federal subsidies for the education of veterans boost reintegration of military personnel into the U.S. economy after World War II.
Summary of Event
World War II had a twofold effect on education in the United States. In the short run, the existence of many colleges and universities was seriously jeopardized. Both students and faculty members were removed by the selective service draft and by patriotic volunteering. Small private colleges, often perilously close to financial ruin, were among the institutions most severely affected. In the long run, however, the war served as a tremendous impetus in convincing people that the national government had a role to play in assuring that all citizens were given an opportunity to pursue formal education to the limit of their natural ability. The first tangible sign of this new concern was the passage in 1944 of the Serviceman’s Readjustment Act, familiarly known as the G.I. Bill of Rights, which was concerned with the federal financing of educational opportunities for returning veterans. While this particular act undoubtedly was affected by wartime sentiments, the concept of federal responsibility in education soon enjoyed wide support.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt and others began thinking about the interrupted education of many U.S. soldiers and sailors soon after Pearl Harbor. In 1942, a report entitled Statement of Principles Relating...
(The entire section is 1530 words.)
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