Frontiers of Dance Essay - Critical Essays

Analysis

In his foreword, Terry states that he reveres Graham “as a great woman” and cherishes her “as a very dear friend.” He is frankly admiring of her work, but, as a critic, he remains objective and analytical in his approach. When Graham began her independent work in the late 1920’s, there were few dance critics; performances were customarily reviewed in newspapers by the music critic, who had little knowledge or background in the language of movement. Graham once said that she would prefer to be reviewed by a sportswriter over a music critic because at least the sportswriter “can see and appraise the only instrument the dancer has, a body.” Dance critics came into existence in 1927 through the pressuring of the Denishawn troupe, founded by St. Denis and her husband, Ted Shawn; a few years later, the author of Frontiers of Dance, Walter Terry, joined their ranks. Yet few critics could evaluate or translate the works of the prominent modern dancers, and the general public was puzzled and antagonized by what they did not understand.

Terry concentrates upon the major events of Graham’s career rather than upon her personal life. By mid-1925, she had left the Denishawn company and vaudeville to teach at the Eastman School of Music, where she began to develop her own talents. Composer Louis Horst, her first real love, recognized her genius and helped her to shape her “divine discontent” into artistic form.

Terry paints a vivid picture of the struggles of dancers in those early days. Money was scarce, but through teaching at the Robert Milton-John Murray Anderson School of Theatre, Graham managed to eke out a meager existence through the 1930’s. Those in her company who were less fortunate worked as waiters or clerks during the day and rehearsed and performed at...

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