French and Indian War (American Indians Ready Reference)
Article abstract: Defeat of French and Native American forces establishes British dominance in North America but increases the mother country's dependence on colonial resources.
The French and Indian War was the North American part of a larger conflict called the Seven Years’ War, fought between France and Great Britain for control of colonies in North America and India and for hegemony in Europe. Both Great Britain and France claimed large territories in North America. In addition to the thirteen colonies spread out along the Atlantic coast, the British claimed what is now northern Canada. The French claimed a huge section of the inner continent, stretching from New Orleans in the south to what is now Montana in the northwest and Quebec in the northeast. The French built a series of forts along the Mississippi River and its tributaries to defend their claims. One of these tributaries, the Ohio River, flows southwest along the western frontier of Pennsylvania and Virginia. Both French and British claimed this land. British colonists worried about a French invasion and resented the French presence, which limited western expansion.
(The entire section is 1637 words.)
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French and Indian War (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: Control of North America. Result: France loses most of its North American land holdings.
The French and Indian War began as a scuffle in American forests and spread across the ocean to become an international conflict. Though the war seemed yet another in a series of colonial struggles between France and England, it permanently changed the face of the North American map.
Before the outbreak of the French and Indian War, England and France fought three wars over land claims in the New World. King William’s (1689-1697), Queen Anne’s (1702-1713), and King George’s (1730-1748) Wars resolved little and cost many lives. By 1750, England was firmly entrenched on the eastern seaboard, and the French occupied Canada and the Mississippi River Valley. Physically between the two in the rich Ohio Valley, the Iroquois Confederacy kept both sides at bay. The powerful six-tribe confederacy controlled the lucrative fur trade. Disputes arose when Iroquoian power broke down, and both English and French moved into the area. Over the next few years, tensions increased, and in 1754, disputes over land claims led to war once again.
To counteract increasing British activity, the French built a series of forts from the Great Lakes area into the disputed Ohio River Valley. In 1753, they moved into the region where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers...
(The entire section is 967 words.)