Franny and Zooey Analysis

Places Discussed (Critical Guide to Settings and Places in Literature)

*Manhattan

*Manhattan. Borough of New York City that seems to be a place where much is offered. In reality, however, this is not the case. Wintertime has traditionally reflected death, and in the Glass house it has been winter for seven years; Seymour’s death haunts the other characters, who have not yet recovered from his passing. J. D. Salinger knows Manhattan well, having lived there through most of his early publishing life. The fact that he does not go into detail about the city the way he does in Catcher in the Rye (1951) reflects his assertion in this novel that people are more important than places. Franny and Zooey, for the most part, could take place anywhere.

Glass living room

Glass living room. At once homey and forbidding, the Glass living room is a reflection of the Glasses themselves. The house sits a story higher than the school across from it, suggesting the Glasses’ superiority in things intellectual (all the Glass children have been on the quiz show “It’s a Wise Child”). All the furniture is marred in one way or another and does not match, just as Zooey and Franny do not match. Even though it is bright and sunny, the light brings out the worst in the living room (stains from pets, for example). As wonderful as it is outside, Franny and Zooey stay inside as if trying to keep the outside world from crashing in on them.

Glass bathroom

Glass...

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Franny and Zooey Literary Techniques

Franny and Zooey serves as a fine example of Salinger's penchant for placing the importance of characterization before that of plot....

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Franny and Zooey Ideas for Group Discussions

Discussion of Franny and Zooey will, by necessity, center on the Glass characters. Beginning with Franny, each Glass sibling should be...

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Franny and Zooey Social Concerns

The social concerns in Franny and Zooey might be posed in the form of a question that the novel asks, but never quite answers—can...

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Franny and Zooey Literary Precedents

Salinger is clearly influence by "lost generation" novelists such as F. Scott Fitzgerald. As Fitzgerald's characters were accomplished in...

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Franny and Zooey Related Titles

A number of Salinger's works profile the Glass family. They include the 1953 collection of short stories, Nine Stories (1953), some of...

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Franny and Zooey Bibliography (Great Characters in Literature)

French, Warren. J. D. Salinger. New York: Twayne, 1963. One of the few attempts critically to evaluate Salinger’s writing by focusing on its effects on young readers rather than on Salinger’s personal psychological and spiritual underpinnings. The result is an insightful explanation of the portrait of adolescence in Salinger’s work and why it has been so heartily embraced by American youth.

Laser, Marvin, and Norman Fruman. Studies in J. D. Salinger: Reviews, Essays, and Critiques of “The Catcher in the Rye” and Other Fiction. New York: Odyssey Press, 1963. A wonderful and diverse collection of analyses written at the...

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