Franklin D. Roosevelt Is Elected President (Great Events from History: North American Series)
Article abstract: Dissatisfied with the government’s response to the Depression, Americans vote for a New Deal.
Summary of Event
On July 2, 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt boarded a trimotored airplane at Albany, New York, and flew to Chicago, where the Democratic National Convention had nominated him for president. It was a dramatic gesture. Breaking tradition, Roosevelt became the first presidential candidate ever to make an acceptance speech before a nominating convention. Previously, nominees had awaited official notification via the U.S. mail. In a personal appearance, he could both emphasize his determination to take vigorous action against the nation’s economic ills and demonstrate his physical ability to handle the job. His plane bucked strong headwinds and twice had to land in order to refuel. When he at last stood before the sweating delegates in Chicago Stadium, he endorsed the party platform, promising relief for the unemployed, public works, repeal of prohibition, agricultural reform, and tariff reduction. In a ringing conclusion he declared: “I pledge you, I pledge myself, to a new deal for the American people.”
Three years of the worst depression in U.S. history, occurring under a Republican administration, had wrecked Republican chances for 1932. An unenthusiastic Republican convention had nominated Herbert Hoover and his vice president, Charles Curtis, for a second term. Republican...
(The entire section is 1136 words.)
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