Study Guide

Franklin Birkinshaw

Franklin Birkinshaw Biography

Biography (Critical Edition of Dramatic Literature)

The reported facts of Fay Weldon’s biography vary among sources, apparently depending on Weldon’s motive in providing the information. Her life story echoes a theme of her fiction—the power of and extent to which women can re-create themselves as a form of control over their lives. Despite the uncertainties, most sources agree on a few facts about Weldon’s life.

Fay Weldon was born in 1931 in the village of Alvechurch in Worcestershire, England, and was named Franklin Birkinshaw, a name apparently selected by her mother based on numerology. The family moved to New Zealand while Weldon was young, and her parents divorced when she was five years old. Weldon has claimed that living in New Zealand allowed her to experience a less class-conscious society than England’s, an experience that has influenced her thinking and her writing. Because of her parents’ divorce, she grew up surrounded by women: Her mother, grandmother, and sister made up the rest of the household. Weldon has said that she was around men so little until she went to college that she did not realize that most of the world was not run by women. The focus on communities of women is clear in her drama. Weldon grew up in a family of writers. Her mother wrote fiction under the pen name Pearl Bellairs; her grandfather wrote articles for Vanity Fair and published adventure novels. She was a voracious reader from childhood.

Weldon moved to London with her mother when she was a teenager. After high school, she attended St. Andrews University in Scotland, where she claims she was admitted and allowed to study economics only because the administration thought she was a man because of her name. After graduation, she returned to, London where she held various writing jobs, married briefly, and gave birth to a son. Whether the son was born before or during the marriage is uncertain based on various biographical accounts. Weldon’s experience as a single mother supporting herself and her child through low-paying jobs influenced her politics and her later writing.

In the early 1960’s, she married Ronald Weldon, with whom she had three sons. After working as an advertising copywriter, she began publishing plays and novels in the mid-1960’s. Weldon separated from Ronald Weldon in the late 1970’s; he died during their divorce proceedings, and Weldon married Nicholas Fox in the 1990’s.

Franklin Birkinshaw Biography (Literary Essentials: Short Fiction Masterpieces)

No doubt Fay Weldon’s life has influenced her work, which often contains autobiographical elements. Her characteristic subjects—the lives of contemporary women and relations between women and men—reflect the extremes of her early life, spent almost exclusively among females, and her adult life, spent mostly in the company of males.

Born Franklin Birkinshaw, Weldon grew up in Britain and New Zealand, where her parents emigrated when she was an infant and then divorced when she was six. When Weldon was fourteen, her mother took her and her sister back to London, where they lived in an all-female household with her grandmother. There, Weldon attended Hampstead High, a girls’ school. In 1949 Weldon received a scholarship to attend Scotland’s coeducational St. Andrews University, from which she received an M.A. in economics and psychology in 1952. By 1955 she had had a child (Nicholas) and was struggling to earn a living. Her assortment of jobs included writing propaganda for the British Foreign Office and later writing copy for advertising firms, a career in which she gradually moved up and prospered. She also visited a psychoanalyst, which suggested the scene for a number of her stories.

In 1960 she married Ronald Weldon, an antiques dealer, and became a suburban wife and mother in Primrose Hill, outside London. The Weldons had three sons, Daniel (1963), Thomas (1970), and Samuel (1977). The last pregnancy, when Weldon was forty-six, was difficult, and she thought she might die. The Weldons had moved to beautiful but distant Somerset in 1976, to an old country house where Weldon felt isolated—another familiar scene in some of her stories. Eventually the marriage broke up, and Weldon returned to London to preside as the literary lioness she had become.

Franklin Birkinshaw Biography (Survey of Novels and Novellas)

Fay Weldon was born Franklin Birkinshaw in the village of Alvechurch, England, in 1931. Her mother, who wrote under the name Pearl Bellairs, her maternal grandfather, Edwin Jepson, and one of her uncles were all novelists. While still a child, Weldon emigrated with her family to New Zealand, where her father worked as a doctor. When she was six years old, her parents divorced, and Weldon eventually returned to England with her mother and sister to live with her grandmother. This experience of being reared by a single mother in an era that did not easily accommodate single-parent families gave Weldon early insight into the lot of women living beyond the pale of the nuclear family; she was able to observe, at first hand, both the trials women faced and the importance of family and of humor in overcoming these difficulties.

In 1949, Weldon earned a scholarship to St. Andrews University in Scotland, and in 1952 she graduated with an M.A. in economics and psychology. Her first marriage, to Ronald Bateman, a man twenty years her senior, lasted less than two years, leaving her to support her son, Nicholas, as a single mother. She drifted through a series of jobs involving writing of various sorts: writing propaganda for the Foreign Office, answering problem letters for a newspaper, and, finally, composing advertising copy. In this last career she was quite successful, producing many jingles and slogans—a few of which stuck in the memory beyond their use in specific campaigns—and honing her talent for concision, wit, and catchy, memorable phrasing.

In 1960, she married...

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Franklin Birkinshaw Biography (Great Authors of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Fay Weldon is a major contemporary writer on women’s issues, noted for short fiction and novels as well as for plays for stage, radio, and television. She was born Franklin Birkinshaw on September 22, 1931, in Alvechurch, Worcestershire, England, to Frank Thornton Birkinshaw, a doctor, and Margaret Jepson Birkinshaw, a writer of romantic novels. Her maternal grandfather and an uncle were also writers. Weldon was reared in New Zealand. When she was five, her parents were divorced; she spent the rest of her childhood in an all-female household, consisting of her mother, her grandmother, and her sister, and then was educated at a girls’ school. After returning to England, Weldon attended Hampstead Girls’ High School, London. In 1949 she went to St. Andrews University in Fife, Scotland, and received her master’s degree in economics and psychology in 1954. In the 1950’s Weldon worked as a report writer for the British Foreign Office, spent some time as a market researcher for the London Daily Mirror, and then became an advertising copywriter. After a brief, disastrous marriage in 1958, in 1960 she married Ronald (Ron) Weldon, an antique dealer, painter, and jazz musician; their marriage lasted until 1994. Weldon subsequently married poet Nick Fox.

Although Weldon had worked on novels in the 1950’s, her career as a successful writer should be dated from the year 1966, when three of her plays were produced on British television. Her first novel, The Fat Woman’s Joke, which was published a year later, grew out of the teleplay The Fat Woman’s Tale. Witty, satirical, and conversational, it set the pattern for her later works, which have consistently dealt with women’s problems as seen through women’s eyes. In 1969 Weldon’s first play was produced in London; it was followed by six others during the next decade. Meanwhile, she continued to write novels, short stories, and numerous teleplays, including an award-winning episode of the popular series Upstairs, Downstairs. In the 1970’s she also wrote a number of radio plays; in 1973, she won the Writers’ Guild Award for one of them, Spider, and in 1978, she won the Giles Cooper Award for Polaris. In every genre she was praised for skillful plot development, witty and realistic dialogue, and an...

(The entire section is 948 words.)