The Formation of the Blue Four Advances Abstract Painting (Great Events from History II: Arts and Culture Series)
Article abstract: Four leading abstract painters in Germany formed a partnership to promote their work and thereby contributed greatly to the worldwide revolution in modern art.
Summary of Event
Emmy Scheyer was born in Braunschweig, Germany. As a young student, she discovered the paintings of Russian immigrant Alexey von Jawlensky and was so impressed by the new art form they represented that she decided to devote her life to publicizing his work. Through Jawlensky, she met many other avant-garde painters, including Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Lyonel Feininger, who were teaching at the Bauhaus School of Design. Because their art was revolutionary and as yet unpopular, all four men were chronically in need of money.
This was especially true after Germany’s defeat in World War I and the devastating inflation that followed. In 1924, Scheyer (who was given the nickname “Galka”--Russian for “black bird”--by Jawlensky) volunteered to promote their paintings in affluent America, famous for its receptivity to new ideas. On March 31, 1924, an agreement was signed designating Scheyer as their American representative. For publicity purposes they christened their group the Blue Four (Die Blaue Vier), a reference to the Blue Rider (Der Blaue Reiter) group of painters who had been inspired and led by the mystical Kandinsky.
In May of 1924, the aggressive, charismatic Scheyer went to New York...
(The entire section is 1836 words.)
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