Florentine School of Art Emerges (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The Florentine School of Art emerges, establishing the principal characteristics of Italian Renaissance art through the works of Donatello, Masaccio, and Filippo Brunelleschi.
Summary of Event
Although they built on foundations and developments in early Italian Renaissance art during the fourteenth century, the work of three artists, Brunelleschi, Donatello, and Masaccio, converged in the early fifteenth century to define the character of Italian Renaissance art and establish Florence as a leading artistic center. Because their work represented the major art forms— architecture for Brunelleschi, sculpture for Donatello, and painting for Masaccio—collectively they articulated the principal ideals of Italian Renaissance art.
A famous competition of 1401 for the design of a pair of bronze doors for the Baptistery of Florence was important for the emergence of Florentine art. The winner, Lorenzo Ghiberti, narrowly beat out Filippo Brunelleschi, who then turned to architecture. Ghiberti’s assistant while working on the doors was Donatello. Thus, while Ghiberti’s doors were significant artistic achievements in their own right, they can also be said to have influenced the careers of Brunelleschi and Donatello.
When Brunelleschi lost the competition, he went to Rome to study the ancient architectural monuments. The subsequent architectural projects which Brunelleschi designed in...
(The entire section is 1576 words.)
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