Florence Nightingale by Jeannette Covert Nolan Essay - Critical Essays

Analysis

Beneath Nolan’s chronological narrative runs the poignant story of a sensitive, intelligent woman’s plight in Victorian Great Britain. Young Nightingale was entirely free from calculated parental repressions. Indeed, her parents were doting and she was the object of considerable privilege. The family was wealthy and was received warmly in rich and titled society. Born in Italy during her family’s travels, in the beautiful city for which she was named, she herself as a child and young adult traveled widely, in the process becoming fluent in French, German, and Italian. Never formally educated, she nevertheless received a broad liberal education, including mathematics, from her father and from tutors. Moreover, even in England, she enjoyed constant changes of scene, moving seasonally from one estate to another. While Nightingale was asking plaintively, “My God! What is to become of me?” she acknowledged that “everything has been tried, foreign travel, kind friends, everything.” The reader may ask why, as her diaries indicate, she was so continuously unhappy and why she perceived her life as a slough of despond.

Through the course of her story—substantively a sound one—Nolan offers two intertwined explanations. First, Nightingale believed herself to be trapped by the very predictability of life in her family’s world. Traditionally, young women of her estate were prepared for propitious marriages. They produced children for heirs, ornamented their husbands’ households, and presided over what Nightingale de-scribed as the boring chatter of segregated drawing rooms, endlessly boring teas, and boring visitations. Second, the exquisitely sensitive Nightingale rebelled against her isolation from the sufferings of the...

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