First Intermediate Period Begins in Egypt (Great Events from History: The Ancient World, Prehistory-476)
Article abstract: During the First Intermediate Period, the Heracleopolitans controlled Egypt, but power shifted to Thebes in the south during the Eleventh Dynasty.
Summary of Event
Administrative reforms during the late Old Kingdom (c. 2687-c. 2125 b.c.e.) saw the expansion of agriculture in Middle Egypt and the southern Nile Delta, with control of the area and its wealth centered in the region of Meir in northern Middle Egypt. Following the end of the Sixth Dynasty, the Old Kingdom declined rapidly in prestige and power, until the rulers of the Eighth Dynasty were followed by a successor administration based at Heracleopolis, between the earlier centers of Meir and Memphis. The First Intermediate Period (c. 2160-c. 2055) was at its peak during the Ninth and Tenth Dynasties. The eight southernmost districts of Egypt, the “Head of the South,” though nominally loyal to the Heracleopolitan state, quarreled among themselves. The First Intermediate Period ended with the coming of the south to political center stage—the reunification during the Eleventh Dynasty was a product of the Thebaïd (southern Upper Egypt, around Thebes).
During the Egyptian Fifth Dynasty (c. 2494-c. 2345 b.c.e.), local administrators, previously centered around the king and the central administration at the royal residence, began to accumulate power. Under the Fifth Dynasty ruler Djedkare (r. c. 2414-2375 b.c.e.), evidence from a...
(The entire section is 1705 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!