Literary Techniques

The First Circle is narrated by an omniscient third-person narrator aware of each character's history, thoughts, and sensations. Like...

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The First Circle Ideas for Group Discussions

1. Solzhenitsyn takes the novel's title from Canto IV of Dante's The Inferno, where the first circle is Limbo. Read the canto and...

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The First Circle Social Concerns

Like One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1963), The First Circle takes place in a Siberian labor camp. This camp, Mavrino,...

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The First Circle Literary Precedents

The term "polyphonic" was first coined to describe Dostoevsky's novels, like The Brothers Karamazov (1880), which follow several...

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The First Circle Related Titles

Candle in the Wind (1973) is also set in a research facility, although this one has an unspecified, international location. The...

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The First Circle Adaptations

Polish director Aleksandr Ford made a film of The First Circle in 1972. Faithful to the book, the movie builds upon the conversations...

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The First Circle Bibliography

(Great Characters in Literature)

Ericson, Edward E., Jr. Solzhenitsyn: The Moral Vision, 1980.

Kodjak, Andrej. Alexander Solzhenitsyn, 1978.

Krasnov, Vladislav. Solzhenitsyn and Dostoevsky: A Study in the Polyphonic Novel, 1980.

Lukacs, Georg. Solzhenitsyn, 1969.

Rothberg, Abraham. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, 1971.

(The entire section is 30 words.)