Filippo Brunelleschi (Dictionary of World Biography: Renaissance)
Article abstract: Brunelleschi’s architectural accomplishments, as well as his dedication to the principles of perspective, established a vigorous new classical Renaissance style that influenced building design for centuries.
Filippo Brunelleschi was born in Florence in 1377, the second of three sons of Ser Brunellesco di Lippi and Giuliana degli Spini, the daughter of an established Florentine banking family. His father was a notary and middle-level public official frequently employed in various capacities by the republican government. Young Filippo thus grew up in a household heavily involved in the complex politics of Tuscany’s leading city. His elder brother, Tommaso, became a goldsmith and died in 1431, while his younger brother, Giovanni, entered the priesthood and died in 1422.
As a child, Brunelleschi received the traditional education of boys of his class. Although his father may have wished him to follow him in a notary career, young Filippo early exhibited a penchant for art and mechanics. The elder Brunelleschi consequently apprenticed his second son to the Silk Guild for training as a goldsmith. His training there included a study of literature and the abacus as well as rigorous mathematical instruction. In 1398, Brunelleschi applied for registration as a goldsmith with the Silk Guild and was admitted as a full master six years later.
Even before this last event, the...
(The entire section is 1993 words.)
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