The Federal Facility Compliance Act Is Passed (Great Events from History II: Ecology and the Environment Series)
Article abstract: The Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCA) required all agencies of the federal government to comply with environmental laws of the United States.
Summary of Event
In 1992, President George Bush signed into law the Federal Facility Compliance Act (FFCA). The FFCA authorizes states to impose civil fines on federal facilities operating within their jurisdictions for violations of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). The FFCA eliminates federal facilities’ sovereign immunity and allows states to impose fines on federal facilities for noncompliance. Other important provisions include a two-year moratorium on enforcement of hazardous- and radioactive-waste rules; provisions for new Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rules on when munitions and explosive wastes become RCRA waste; a measure to place sewage systems at federal facilities under rules similar to those for municipal systems; and provisions to give the EPA broader enforcement authority at federal facilities. The FFCA represents an abdication by Congress of federal responsibility for federal compliance of federally mandated environmental standards. By eliminating federal facilities’ sovereign immunity, Congress allowed the states to become part of the enforcement mechanism to force federal facilities into compliance.
The RCRA of 1976, as amended, is the United States’ toughest environmental law. It regulates the...
(The entire section is 2664 words.)
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