Fatwa Issued by Osama Bin Laden (Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources)
"Declaration of War against the Americans Occupying the Land of the Two Holy Places"
By: Osama Bin Laden
Date: August 23, 1996
Source: "Declaration of War . . . ," as published in Rubin, Barry, and Judith Colp Rubin's Anti-American Terrorism and the Middle East: Defense of Legitimate Rights, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.
About the Author: Born in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 1957, Osama Bin Laden was the youngest son of a multimillionaire construction mogul and his fourth and youngest wife. From an early age, Bin Laden embraced his father's conservative view of Islam. Most biographers trace Bin Laden's radicalism to his university days at King Abdul-Aziz University in Jeddah, where he was exposed to the teachings of his professor and spiritual leader Shaykh Abdullah Azzam. In 1979, Bin Laden traveled to Afghanistan to support the resistance to the Soviet invasion, using his family's money and connections to provide logistical support and aid to the Afghani fighters. As the years of conflict wore on, Bin Laden's participation intensified, his role evolving from financier to combat engineer, to finally commander of his own Arab forces fighting his own front against...
(The entire section is 1127 words.)
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