Fall of Granada (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The fall of Granada marks the military conquest of Muslim Spain by the Christian forces of Ferdinand and Isabella.
Summary of Event
Ever since the eighth century, the Christians of northern Spain had attempted to repel the Moorish invaders from Iberian soil. By the early thirteenth century, their military efforts had been crowned with general success, but one area of Andalusia, Granada, held out. For more than two centuries, the fertile and fair kingdom of Granada, some two hundred miles long and seventy miles wide, remained a bastion of Moorish occupation. The mudejars (Muslims) were skilled artisans and workmen but could not hope to enter into the higher professions in Christian Spain. Since 1469, when the joint rule of Ferdinand and Isabella commenced, a concept of Castilian caste was evolved that discriminated against the Moors as well as the Jews.
Yet the joint rulers of Aragon and Castile interacted generally cordially with the Muslim emirate, sporadic incidents notwithstanding. Christian and Muslim kingdoms enjoyed a sort of workable convivencia (coexistence). Once Christian Spain had adopted the Jewish belief of the identity of the state and a single religion, the traditional coexistence was no longer possible. Although it would take a decade of their life to accomplish it, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile (married since 1469 and joint rulers...
(The entire section is 1491 words.)
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