Fall of Acre (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The fall of Acre marks the end of crusader rule in Palestine and Syria and the resumption of Muslim control.
Summary of Event
A riot in late August, 1290, between Muslims and newly arrived Italian crusaders— undisciplined, drunken, and disorderly—in the streets of Acre ended with the killing of a number of Muslims. As a consequence, Sultan Qāla’ūn of Egypt was convinced that the massacre broke the existing truce between Egypt and the already greatly contracted kingdom of Jerusalem and began to gather his army to finally eliminate the Franks. Outraged by the incident, the barons and knights ruling Acre suppressed the rioters and rescued many Muslims. They also immediately apologized to the sultan, who sent an embassy demanding surrender of the leaders of the riot.
The bailie, Amalric, representative of the king of Jerusalem in Acre, convened a council to frame a response. The Master of the Temple, William of Beaujeau, proposed sending the criminals in the jails of Acre to Cairo as the guilty men, but the council refused. Instead of condemning Christians to die in Cairo, the council attempted to persuade the sultan’s emissaries that Muslim merchants had precipitated the riot. After consulting his council, Qāla’ūn rejected this response, abandoned the truce, and began mobilizing his army. Templar agents at Cairo reported the sultan’s intentions to William of Beaujeau,...
(The entire section is 1427 words.)
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