Falkland Islands War (Magill’s Guide to Military History)
Article abstract: At issue: British sovereignty over the islands. Result: British victory; Argentine junta is removed and civilian control of the government is reestablished in Buenos Aires.
The Falkland Islands War was the result of a centuries-long conflict between the people of Argentina and the English settlers in the south Atlantic islands. English settlement began in 1771, then vanished and returned in 1834; the Falklands have been considered a British protectorate ever since. No other nation has made claim to the islands, other than Argentina.
The Falkland Islands are a group of 340 small islands and 2 larger islands, which make up the archipelago. The landmass is about 4,700 square miles—a little smaller than the U.S. state of Connecticut. Approximately 2,500 people inhabit the Falklands, with most living on East Falkland. The hamlets and villages have a very English style about them, and the people speak English with a British accent. The islands’ culture, architecture, and general lifestyle are distinctly British. The residents consider themselves to be British subjects and support the Crown. The Falklanders earn their living by fishing, boat and ship repair, and farming. The agriculture industry on the islands relies on food and fiber and mainly comes from the raising of sheep.
The question of who rightfully owns the Falklands goes back to its founding. The English...
(The entire section is 1046 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!