Failure of the Seventh Crusade (Chronology of European History)
Article abstract: The failure of the Seventh Crusade contributes to the growing disillusionment and anti-Crusade sentiment characteristic of mid- to late thirteenth century Europe.
Summary of Event
A little more than one hundred and fifty years after Pope Urban II called the First Crusade in 1095, King Louis IX of France embarked on what historians regard as the end of the crusading movement. Louis can be seen as leader of two crusades, or of one crusade in two phases. In either interpretation, it is the earlier effort that is usually called the Seventh Crusade.
It is true that there were attempts to organize crusades for several centuries after the failure of the campaigns of Louis in 1248 and 1270, but none of them succeeded in winning the kind of support that made possible the strong offensives of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries. Indeed, Louis’ abortive crusade of 1270 marked the last full-scale crusade mounted by a European king.
On the diplomatic scene there were compelling reasons for a crusade in the 1240’s. In the West, a succession of popes had engaged in a long vendetta with the brilliant Hohenstaufen emperor, Frederick II. In this struggle, crusading had been a factor in several ways. First, although Frederick had promised to lead a crusade in 1215 and 1220, he did not...
(The entire section is 1620 words.)
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