Fahd (Dictionary of World Biography: Twentieth Century)
Article abstract: Continuing the reign of the Al-Saud family, Fahd led Saudi Arabia through two decades of development and became a major force in the political and economic affairs of the Arab and Western worlds.
King Fahd was born Fahd ibn Abd Al-Aziz al Saud (“Fahd son of Abd Al-Aziz of the House of Saud”). Sources vary as to his date of birth. His father was Abd Al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman (known as King Saud or Ibn Saud in the West), the first king of the present-day state of Saudi Arabia. His mother was Hassa bint Ahmad al-Sudayri. Fahd is the eldest of seven sons by Saud and this wife.
Fahd belongs to the Al-Saud family, which is one of the country’s families of royal lineage. His six full brothers are Sultan (minister of defense), Nayif (minister of the interior), Ahmad (vice minister of the interior), Salman (governor of Riyadh), Turki (former vice minister of defense), and Abd Al-Rahman. The seven brothers are known collectively as the Sudayri Seven in the West and as Al Fahd (“the house of Fahd”) in Saudi Arabia. Fahd’s father had forty-five sons, about half of whom are still alive, by various wives.
Fahd received the traditional schooling for princes at the Princes’ School in Riyadh. In 1945, he accompanied his half-brother Faisal (later King Faisal) to San Francisco, California, for the convening of the United Nations. In 1953 he headed the Saudi delegation to...
(The entire section is 2075 words.)
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