Executive Order 13231 (Terrorism: Essential Primary Sources)
Critical Infrastructure Protection in the Information Age
By: George W. Bush
Date: October 18, 2001
Source: Executive Order 13231, as recorded in the Federal Register.
About the Author: Executive Orders are directives issued by the President of the United States. The intent of this type of order, which has been in place since the first presidency of George Washington is usually to dictate specific action by officials or agencies working with the President on a specific issue. In more extreme cases of national emergency or threat to national security, an Executive Order can be used to impact upon specific members of groups within the general population. One famous case of this type of use of the directive occurred during the course of World War II (1939941), when President Franklin Roosevelt issued an Executive Order to intern American citizens of Japanese ancestry. On October 16, 2001, President Bush issued Executive Order 13231.
With the world's increasing reliance on technology in all aspects of daily life, the threat posed by terrorists to use technology to...
(The entire section is 2050 words.)
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