Ernesto Sábato’s essays show that he is widely knowledgeable concerning the standard works in modern philosophy and aesthetics. Herbert Spencer, Charles Darwin,Émile Zola, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Sartre, and Camus, as well as many others, have contributed to his intellectual background. Many of his essays deal with the application of ideas that have become the commonplaces of Western thought to the special problems that beset Argentina in its search for a stable government as well as for a national identity. Sábato’s novels reflect his early interest in the Surrealist movement and in the existential experiments of Sartre and Camus. In addition, some critics discover in Sábato’s work an affinity with the Magical Realism that characterizes a number of the recent novelists of Latin America.
In his novels, Sábato uses motifs and symbols that have led some critics to interpret his work in Freudian terms or through the identification of Jungian archetypes. In the way of many twentieth century writers, Sábato’s work describes an alienated and indifferent world in which religion no longer provides a foundation for the values of society. It is a world dominated by positivism, reason, and science. Sábato’s novels depict the pathos and terror of characters who are conscious of living in a materialistic chaos surrounded by the remnants of past glories. Each of his novels involves a quest or journey: In The Outsider, theprotagonist is Juan...
(The entire section is 2741 words.)
Show us the love and view this for free! Use the facebook like button, or any other share button on this page, and get this content free!free!
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of Ernesto Sábato Critical Essays. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!