The Enormous Radio Analysis

The Enormous Radio (Critical Survey of Contemporary Fiction)

The story focuses on Jim and Irene Westcott, an average couple in all but one respect, and that is in their fondness for music, which is to say, their fondness for harmony. When their radio breaks down beyond repair, Jim buys another as a gift for his wife. The machine’s complexity, ugly gumwood cabinet, and “malevolent green light” trouble Irene. More disturbing is the radio’s tendency to pick up interference. Wanting to hear music, Irene instead hears ringing telephones and the conversations and quarrels of her neighbors.

Soon, Irene begins to take pleasure in eavesdropping on her neighbors, but this perverse fascination soon gives way to an apprehensiveness and even defensiveness on the part of Irene, who too insistently maintains that she and Jim are innocent of the hypocrisy, fearfulness, and financial troubles that afflict their neighbors. Ironically, her knowledge of their lives and misfortunes eventually causes friction in her own marriage. Jim, it turns out, worries about growing old and wonders why he has not been as successful as he hoped to be. In a sudden outburst, he cracks Irene’s “Christly” shell, exposing the lies, thefts, and even the abortion she has sought to conceal, indeed seems to have forgotten.

Although the story begins as a work of conventional realism, Cheever’s plot and theme can be interpreted allegorically. “The Enormous Radio” can be seen as a retelling of the biblical story of man’s fall from innocence and expulsion from the Garden of Eden, in this case, the American garden of middle-class respectability. In exposing Irene Westcott, Cheever in effect exposes the underside of the American life that she and her husband represent. The comforts of their middle-class life, Cheever suggests, cannot protect the individual against either the evil in the world or the evil in oneself. Tempted by the satanic radio, Irene falls into knowledge, out of love, and perhaps beyond the possibility of redemption as well.

The Enormous Radio Style and Technique (Comprehensive Guide to Short Stories, Critical Edition)

Later acclaimed for his skillful use of often “unreliable” first-person narrators, Cheever in “The Enormous Radio” confines his narrative voice to the third person, presumably omniscient yet, like the radio itself, unable (or unwilling) to pass judgment. The style is generally noncommittal, like the voice of the announcer, save for the increasingly animated and thought-provoking dialogue; only gradually does the reader come to suspect that he might be participating in a fantasy generated and perpetuated by Irene. Notwithstanding, the fiction of the “enormous” radio, in which the adjective regains no small part of the force still felt in the substantive “enormity,” continues to suggest supernatural possibilities.

To be sure, Jim Westcott’s revelations and accusations in the story’s penultimate paragraph come as something of a shock to the reader as well as to Irene, unforeshadowed by any preceding action or description. Later in his career, particularly in such stories as “The Swimmer” and “The Scarlet Moving Van,” Cheever would perfect the technique of “fitness,” amply preparing for the climax through clues and gradual revelation; in the present case, the ending appears to have been borrowed from O. Henry or Guy de Maupassant. Nevertheless, “The Enormous Radio” ranks among the more impressive of Cheever’s earlier efforts, encouraging readers to expect, and to appreciate, the even greater achievement of his suburban stories during the years to follow.

The Enormous Radio Bibliography (Masterpieces of American Literature)

Bloom, Harold, ed. John Cheever. Philadelphia: Chelsea House, 2004.

Bosha, Francis J., ed. The Critical Response to John Cheever. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1994.

Byrne, Michael D. Dragons and Martinis: The Skewed Realism of John Cheever. Edited by Dale Salwak and Paul David Seldis. San Bernardino, Calif.: Borgo Press, 1993.

Cheever, Susan. Home Before Dark. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1984.

Coale, Samuel. John Cheever. New York: Frederick Ungar, 1977.

Collins, Robert G., ed. Critical Essays on John Cheever. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1982.

Donaldson, Scott. John Cheever: A Biography. New York: Random House, 1988.

Donaldson, Scott, ed. Conversations with John Cheever. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1987.

Meanor, Patrick. John Cheever Revisited. New York: Twayne, 1995.

O’Hara, James E. John Cheever: A Study of the Short Fiction. Boston: Twayne, 1989.

Waldeland, Lynne. John Cheever. Boston: Twayne, 1979.