(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

“End” is from the collection Flucht und Verwandlung. It is available in English in the collection The Seeker, and Other Poems. It was written when Sachs was in her late sixties, in delicate health, and living alone in exile. The end she is referring to is death. The word “end” is not only the title of the poem but also the only word in the first line. Typographically, it has no continuation. The poet is solemnly examining the fact that soon she too will have no continuation. Her anxiety about this is reflected in a number of qualifying statements. The second line attempts to soften the absoluteness of the first by asserting that the end is “only in one room.” The thought is left hanging, since the one room is the only room she has.

The remainder of the first stanza deals with a painful fact of the poet’s past. Speaking to a second person, she is overwhelmed by a sense of loss. The end has already come in the room, but “it is not your face/ which looks over my shoulder/ but . . . / a mask from beyond.” Someone who was once or could have been a significant person in her life is dead. There seem to be two likely candidates for the person she is addressing: Sachs’s mother, who died in 1950, or the man Sachs fell in love with when she was seventeen, who was killed in 1940.

The second stanza makes clear that the reference is to the passionate love of Sachs’s life, the man she did not marry. Repeatedly in her...

(The entire section is 437 words.)

End Bibliography

(Masterpieces of World Literature, Critical Edition)

Alexander, Edward. The Resonance of Dust: Essays on Holocaust Literature and Jewish Fate. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1979.

Bahr, Ehrhard. “Flight and Metamorphosis: Nelly Sachs as a Poet of Exile.” In Exile: The Writer’s Experience, edited by John M. Spalek and Robert F. Bell. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1982.

Bower, Kathrin M. Ethics and Remembrance in the Poetry of Nelly Sachs and Rose Ausländer. Rochester, N.Y.: Camden House, 2000.

Garloff, Katja. Words from Abroad: Trauma and Displacement in Postwar German Jewish Writers. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2005.

Hook, Elizabeth Snyder. “Between Fatherland and the Holy Land: Israel as Refuge and Reminder in the Poetry of Nelly Sachs and Else Lasker-Schüler.” In “A Land Flowing with Milk and Honey”: Visions of Israel from Biblical to Modern Times, edited by Leonard J. Greenspoon and Ronald A. Simkins. Omaha, Neb.: Creighton University Press, 2001.

Langer, Lawrence L. Versions of Survival: The Holocaust and the Human Spirit. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1982.

Rosenfeld, Alvin. “Poetics of Expiration: Reflections on Holocaust Poetry.” The American Poetry Review 7 (November/December, 1978): 39-42.