Influence (World Philosophers and Their Works)
Durkheim recruited around his journal, Année sociologique, begun in 1898, a distinguished group of disciples, such as Henri Berr, Célestin Bouglé, Georges Davy, Marcel Granet, Maurice Halbwachs, Marcel Mauss, Robert Hertz, and François Simiand, who were to define the “French school” of sociology for years to come. Because their focus upon the moral order coincided so neatly with pedagogical reforms of the Third Republic, the school had considerable influence upon university appointments in France, exaggeratedly referred to as State Durkheimianism. A large number of twentieth century sociologists and anthropologists came to work within the tradition of Durkheimian sociology. Jean Piaget and Claude Lévi-Strauss recognized Durkheim’s importance in the development of structuralism. Alfred Radcliffe-Brown brought Durkheimian ideas into British anthropology. The development of functionalism in the United States, in the work of Talcott Parsons, for example, is particularly indebted to Durkheim. Contemporary scholarly work on contractual systems, suicide rates, primitive religions, and symbolic representations of authority is still very much influenced by his work.
(The entire section is 167 words.)
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Bibliography (Cyclopedia of World Authors, Fourth Revised Edition)
Allen, N. J., W. S. F. Pickering, and W. Watts Miller, eds. On Durkheim’s Elementary Forms of Religious Life. New York: Routledge, 1998. An examination of Durkheim’s social and political thought.
Fenton, Steve, et al. Durkheim and Modern Sociology. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1984. Examines Durkheim’s influence on modern sociology in various areas, including the division of labor, social conflict and deviance, state authority, education, and religion.
Giddens, Anthony. Émile Durkheim. New York: Viking Press, 1979. A concise and informative introduction to the life and writings of Durkheim.
Lehmann, Jennifer M. Durkheim and Women. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1994. Discusses Durkheim’s viewpoints of women and their role in social conditions.
Lukes, Steven. Émile Durkheim: His Life and Work. New York: Harper & Row, 1973. One of the leading authorities of Durkheim’s thought presents the reader with an account of his life and influence.
Nielsen, Donald A. Three Faces of God: Society, Religion, and the Categories of Totality in the Philosophy of Émile Durkheim. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1999. A very readable presentation of the influences in Durkheim’s thought....
(The entire section is 323 words.)