Electronic Surveillance (West's Encyclopedia of American Law)
Observing or listening to persons, places, or activitiessually in a secretive or unobtrusive mannerith the aid of electronic devices such as cameras, microphones, tape recorders, or wire taps. The objective of electronic surveillance when used in law enforcement is to gather evidence of a crime or to accumulate intelligence about suspected criminal activity. Corporations use electronic surveillance to maintain the security of their buildings and grounds or to gather information about competitors.
Electronic surveillance permeates almost every aspect of life in the United States. In the public sector, the president, Congress, judiciary, military, and law enforcement all use some form of this technology. In the private sector, business competitors, convenience stores, shopping centers, apartment buildings, parking facilities, hospitals, banks, employers, and spouses have employed various methods of electronic eavesdropping. Litigation has even arisen from covert surveillance of restrooms.
Three types of electronic surveillance are most prevalent: WIRE TAPPING, bugging, and videotaping. Wire...
(The entire section is 2494 words.)
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