Egypt’s President Sadat Is Assassinated (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: In an act that set back peace efforts in the Middle East, radical Muslims attacked and killed Egyptian president Anwar Sadat in Cairo.
Hero or Traitor?
When Anwar Sadat followed Gamal Abdel Nasser as president of Egypt in 1970, most international diplomats did not take him very seriously, because he had a reputation for being subservient to Nasser. Yet Sadat quickly showed that he was an iron-willed, determined leader. He became known for taking risks.
In 1972, angry over the Soviet Union’s refusal to give Egypt weapons to fight Israel, Sadat expelled eighteen thousand Soviet military advisers and soldiers from Egypt; some Soviet supporters then made plots against him, but he foiled them all. In 1973, he sent Egypt’s forces along with those of Syria against Israel in the Yom Kippur War. Although the Arabs were finally defeated, they won a major psychological victory, for they regained the pride they had lost in earlier battles against Israel.
Faced with his country’s growing poverty and hunger, by 1977 Sadat had to pay attention to economic problems. Knowing that peace with Israel would help reduce unrest at home, he made a historic visit to Jerusalem. Eventually he traveled to Camp David, Maryland. Brought together by President Jimmy Carter, Sadat and Israeli prime minister Menachem Begin spent thirteen fateful days writing the Camp David Accords, a plan for a peace...
(The entire section is 836 words.)
Want to Read More?
Subscribe now to read the rest of this article. Plus get complete access to 30,000+ study guides!