Egypt and Israel Sign Peace Treaty (Great Events: 1900-2001)
Article abstract: After thirty years of hostility, Egypt, through the Camp David Accords, became the first Arab country to recognize Israel.
A Century of Conflict
Although the country of Israel was founded in 1948, the dispute between the Jews and the Arabs goes back many years. The modern Zionist movement, encouraging Jews to move back to Palestine and claim it as their national homeland, began in the nineteenth century. Thousands of Jews emigrated, settling on land bought from the Turkish Ottoman Empire, which then ruled Palestine. At the close of World War I in 1918, Great Britain took control of Palestine; because the Arabs who lived there were unhappy with the Jewish immigration, the new British rulers set limits on the emigration of Jews.
When Adolf Hitler came to power in Germany in the 1930’s and anti-Semitism became stronger in Europe, some Jews were able to escape to Palestine; others were not successful. In World War II, Hitler murdered millions of Jews and left hundreds of thousands homeless.
The Jews were now more aware than ever of their need for a homeland, but the Palestinian Arabs claimed the land for their own, fearing that they would be pushed out by the Jews. Most nations of the world agreed that the Jews needed a homeland, yet they also sympathized with the Palestinians. So it was that the United Nations decided to divide Palestine into two parts.
When the State...
(The entire section is 1076 words.)
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